Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Has Tremendous Opportunity for Power Generationby Rudy P. SysAdmin at howtofindthemoney
Low-carbon, low-cost, scaleable and on-demand electricity is one of the great prizes in the race to decarbonise our energy systems.
That is one reason why there is growing interest in the supercritical carbon dioxide (s-CO2) cycle. When CO2 is heated above 31.10C at 73.9bar it has the density of a liquid yet retains gas-like characteristics.
In its supercritical state, CO2 offers tremendous opportunities for power generation with efficient heat transfer and a substantially smaller-sized power block, while operating at pressures that are much lower than supercritical steam.
The process can operate in a closed-cycle formation in which a wide variety of suitable energy sources, such as nuclear or solar, can be used to heat the closed-loop CO2 system through a heat exchanger. In the semi-open cycle, fossil fuels are combusted directly with oxygen and excess CO2 is removed from the cycle for sequestration or reuse. Supercritical CO2 also offers potential as a refrigerant.
The Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore has been a pioneer in research on s-CO2 power generation and it has developed a state-of-the-art Brayton test loop to address research issues that have been impediments for technology deployment.
The challenge for India is to develop a pilot plant and scale it up sufficiently to become an attractive technological option and not wait for demonstration plants elsewhere, for example the NET Power facility in the US. Successful development of the s-CO2 technologies will not only help in reducing the carbon footprint but also to a great extent replace the distributed captive power generator market.
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Created on Aug 7th 2020 16:20. Viewed 230 times.
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