Articles

Obstacles in Identifying and Treating Osteoporosis in Men

by MrMed Pharmacy The Best Place to Buy Cancer Medicines in India.

Osteoporosis often leads to reduced bone density and an elevated risk of fractures. Although it is frequently seen in women, men can also be affected by it. However, osteoporosis in males is a serious health issue that is often underestimated. Because of its underdiagnosis and specific underlying causes, osteoporosis in males presents special hurdles for diagnosis and treatment. This article aims to raise awareness of the obstacles associated with detecting and treating osteoporosis in males and to investigate possible approaches that may be used to address and resolve these issues.

Obstacles in Diagnosis

1. Lack of knowledge: Because osteoporosis is frequently associated with women, the prevalence of the condition in men is not well-known. Men may not recognize or receive a proper diagnosis of osteoporosis as a result of unawareness.

2. Reference values and thresholds: Reference values and thresholds for osteoporosis diagnosis are primarily based on research conducted on female subjects, forming the basis for diagnostic criteria. However, limited research on men with osteoporosis poses challenges in accurately diagnosing this condition in males. The need for specific criteria or limits for this demographic complicates the diagnostic process for men.

3. Bone size and density differences: Generally speaking, men's bones are bigger and more dense than women's. Male patients require special consideration when analyzing the findings of bone mineral density (BMD) examinations, such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), because of variations in bone density and size, which makes it more challenging to undergo diagnosis in men.

4. Limited screening recommendations: Varied medical organizations have varied screening recommendations for male osteoporosis. While some guidelines do not specifically address screening males, others suggest selective screening based on risk factors.

5. Underlying reasons: Compared to women, men's osteoporosis may have distinct underlying causes. Low testosterone levels are one physiological element that can play a large effect, but other factors, including chronic conditions, certain medicines, and lifestyle choices, can also have a big impact. Finding these underlying issues might be difficult and need further testing.

6. Techniques for assessing fracture risk: Since they were created using data from women, the fracture risk assessment techniques now in use, such as FRAX, may need to be revised to predict fracture risk in males appropriately. Research is still being conducted on the validation and improvement of these tools for guys.

Obstacles in Management

1. Underdiagnosis and undertreatment: Osteoporosis in males is often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to the lesser emphasis on men's health, leading to increased fracture risks and delayed care.

2. Limited data and research: There needs to be more comprehensive data and research focusing on osteoporosis management in men. This gap in the literature hampers the development of recommended treatment protocols and effective therapeutic strategies.

3. Comorbidities and underlying reasons: Men with osteoporosis frequently experience comorbidities or underlying conditions like hypogonadism or secondary diseases, making treatment more challenging. The presence of coexisting health issues, such as prostate cancer or cardiovascular disease, can impact treatment choices.

4. Treatment safety and efficacy: The effectiveness and safety of osteoporosis treatments might vary in men compared to women. There's a need for further research specifically focused on males to determine the right dosages and safety aspects of medications like testosterone replacement therapy and bisphosphonates

5. Treatment adherence: Ensuring men adhere to their osteoporosis medications and lifestyle changes can be challenging. Regular monitoring, education, and support are essential to help them maintain consistent treatment routines.

Treatment

Teriparatide is approved for treating osteoporosis in men and postmenopausal women who are at a high risk of fractures. It is a synthetic form of parathyroid hormone. Teriparatide, included in Terifrac Pen Injection, affects bone growth by primarily attaching to cell surface receptors. Skeletal mass, indicators of bone resorption and production, and bone strength all increase as a result. Because the regenerated bone seems structurally normal, there is less chance of fractures. Men with osteoporosis should talk to their doctor about the possible advantages and disadvantages of Terifrac.

Conclusion

Diagnosing and treating osteoporosis in men pose significant challenges. To address these challenges, it is important to conduct more clinical studies, establish screening methods tailored for males, and enhance awareness among both the public and healthcare providers. Nevertheless, effectively caring for men with osteoporosis and preventing fractures demands a comprehensive approach. This approach should consider lifestyle changes, consistent medication adherence, and understanding the root causes of the condition.


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Created on Oct 31st 2023 02:39. Viewed 97 times.

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