What is Bacterial Pneumonia?by GoMedii Technologies GoMedii - Discovery To Discharge
Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection caused by certain bacteria. Streptococcus is the most common bacteria causing bacterial pneumonia. But other bacteria can cause bacterial pneumonia. If you are young and healthy, these bacteria can survive in your throat without causing any harm. If your immune system is weak due to some reason, then these bacteria can reach your lungs. When this happens, the air sacs in your lungs become infected and they become inflamed. They fill with fluid and cause pneumonia.
How common is Bacterial Pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia is a common health problem. It can affect a person of any age group. If your immune system is weak, you can get bacterial pneumonia.
What are the symptoms of Bacterial Pneumonia?
Symptoms may vary from case to case, depending on the severity of bacterial pneumonia. Some people have mild symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, while others have life-threatening complications. According to the American Lung Association, the following are the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia:
- Chest pain
- shortness of breath or shortness of breath
- coughing up yellow or green mucus
- getting cold
- loss of appetite
Sharp and persistent chest pain, especially when coughing or taking a deep breath
- sweating profusely
- rapid breathing and heartbeat
- bluish discoloration of lips and fingernails
- Confusion, especially if you are older
The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are similar in children and adults. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, babies and newborns cry more in bacterial pneumonia. The energy level in their body drops and the skin turns pale.
If a person shows symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, he should seek immediate medical attention. It is difficult to diagnose any type of pneumonia without seeing a doctor. Because the treatment of bacterial and viral pneumonia is different. In such a situation, it is very important to find out its exact cause, so that proper treatment can be done to the victim.
What causes bacterial pneumonia?
Bacterial pneumonia is caused by bacteria that reach your lungs and then multiply. This problem can occur on its own or develop after an illness such as a cold or flu.
The following people are most at risk of bacterial pneumonia:
people with weakened immune systems
people with respiratory disease
people recovering from surgery
Doctors classify bacterial pneumonia based on whether it occurs inside or outside the hospital.
Community-acquired pneumonia: This is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia. This happens when you come into contact with substances that spread bacteria outside the hospital. The droplets enter the respiratory tract when you inhale or skin-to-skin contact through a cough or sneeze.
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: This pneumonia is caused by exposure to bacteria within a hospital for two or more days. This is called a nosocomial infection. This type of pneumonia is often resistant to antibiotics and difficult to treat.
What factors can put me at risk for bacterial pneumonia?
The following factors increase the risk of bacterial pneumonia:
- If you are 65 years of age or older
- If you have asthma, diabetes, or heart disease
- If you are recovering from surgery.
- If you do not eat a proper diet or do not take enough vitamins and minerals
- If you have any other problems that weaken your immune system
- if you smoke
- If you consume excessive amounts of alcohol
- if you have viral pneumonia
Do not take the information provided here as medical advice. Always consult your doctor for more details.
How is bacterial pneumonia diagnosed?
Bacterial pneumonia can be detected in the following ways:
Abnormal chest sounds, which may indicate secretion of excessive mucus.
It is tested through a blood sample. If you have a high white blood cell count, which usually indicates an infection.
Blood culture test, which shows whether bacteria has reached your bloodstream and also tells the cause of the infection.
A sputum test or sputum culture test, which can detect bacteria and the cause of the infection.
The doctor may do an X-ray to check for the presence of infection.
How is bacterial pneumonia treated?
Most cases of bacterial pneumonia are treated at home with medications. This prevents problems in the hospital. With home treatment, a healthy person can recover within a week. At the same time, a person with a weak immune system may take longer to recover from it.
In some cases, the patient needs to be hospitalized. Young children and the elderly need intravenous antibiotics in the hospital. Along with this, they are given medical care and respiratory therapy here.
Created on Jun 29th 2021 02:12. Viewed 163 times.