Guide to Second CPP Contribution (CPP2) in 2024

by RSCPA Firm Tax Advisor and Accounting Firm Brampton

Starting January 2024, Canada is set to introduce a second contribution rate increase to the Canadian Pension Plan (CPP), a government-sponsored pension program. This change has sparked conversations and debates surrounding its potential impact on individuals, businesses, and the overall economy. 

In this article, we will delve into the details and implications of the Second CPP contribution (CPP2) increase, including relevant statistics and diverse perspectives on the matter.

What is the CPP Contribution?

The Canadian Pension Plan (CPP) is a social security program that provides income replacement for retirees. Both employees and employers make contributions to the CPP throughout an individual's working years, and the pension benefits are disbursed during retirement. These contributions are calculated based on a percentage of the employee's earnings, subject to an annual maximum earnings limit set by the government.

How Much Will the Second CPP Contribution Increase in 2024?

Starting in 2019, the CPP implemented a phased-in contribution rate increase to strengthen the pension plan's sustainability. In 2024, a second and final increase will take effect. Currently, employees contribute 5.95% of their earnings between the annual minimum and maximum thresholds, while employers contribute an equal amount.

Maximum annual pensionable earnings definition $68,500

Employee and employer contribution rate (%) definition 5.95

With the second CPP contribution increase in 2024, the combined contribution rate for employees and employers will rise to 5.95% on earnings between the annual minimum and maximum thresholds. This gradual increase aims to enhance the long-term sustainability of the CPP and ensure that future retirees receive adequate pension benefits.

Statistics and Impact

According to the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI), the CPP assets were projected to reach CAD 476 billion by the end of 2020, illustrating its significant role in supporting future retirees. However, despite these financial buffers, the CPP expansion and increased contribution rates have sparked discussions about the potential impact on individuals and businesses.

From a retiree's perspective, the second CPP contribution increase can be viewed positively as it aims to strengthen the long-term sustainability of the pension fund. This provides assurance that future retirees will have access to adequate income replacement during their retirement years, helping them maintain their standard of living.

However, some critics argue that the increased contribution rates may have negative consequences for workers and businesses. Individuals might experience reduced take-home pay due to higher CPP deductions from their earnings. Additionally, employers will face increased labor costs due to the higher contribution rates, potentially impacting hiring decisions and wage growth.

On the other hand, proponents of the CPP expansion argue that improving pension benefits is critical to address potential income inadequacy during retirement. By increasing contributions, the CPP aims to ensure that future generations of retirees are better equipped to meet their financial needs post-retirement.

Diverse Perspectives

It is essential to consider diverse perspectives when analyzing the second CPP contribution increase. While some individuals may view it as an opportunity to improve long-term financial security, others may be concerned about the immediate impact on take-home pay and business costs.

Furthermore, some critics argue that the CPP should focus on more flexible retirement options, allowing individuals to have more control over their savings and retirement planning. They advocate for alternatives such as expanding tax incentives for private retirement savings (RRSPs) and Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs).

Ultimately, the second CPP contribution increase offers an opportunity to engage in a broader conversation about retirement savings, income adequacy, and the balance between government-provided benefits and individual responsibility.


The second CPP contribution increase in 2024 seeks to strengthen the Canadian Pension Plan's long-term sustainability and ensure that future retirees have access to adequate income replacement. 

While there are concerns about reduced take-home pay and increased labor costs for businesses, proponents believe that strengthening the CPP is crucial for addressing potential income inadequacy in retirement.

It is important for individuals, employers, and policymakers to engage in informed discussions and consider various perspectives to create a retirement landscape that provides both adequacy and individual choice.

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About RSCPA Firm Innovator   Tax Advisor and Accounting Firm Brampton

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Created on Feb 6th 2024 03:15. Viewed 178 times.


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