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Overview of Nitinol Material

by Izzy X. Product specialist
Titanium nickel alloy, also known as Nitinol, is a binary alloy composed of nickel and titanium. The atomic percentages of these two elements are approximately equal.
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  • Two characteristics of Nitinol -Shape memory
  • -Super elastic
  • Application of Nitinol 1. Glasses frame 2. Orthodontics 3. Medical equipment 4. Other applications
  • austenite is called the mother phase, which is the crystalline phase of the alloy at high temperatures
  • When the temperature decreases, austenite will gradually transform into martensite (child phase).
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-Shape memory
When the mother phase of a certain shape cools from above the Af temperature to below the Mf temperature and completely forms martensite, shape memory occurs, thereby deforming the martensite below the Mf temperature. After heating below the Af temperature, the material will automatically recover its parent phase shape by reverse phase transition. In fact, the shape memory effect is a thermally induced phase transformation process of nitinol. It refers to the ability of Nitinol to deform at a certain temperature and then restore its original, undeformed shape when the temperature is higher than its "transition temperature".
-Super elastic
The so-called superelasticity refers to the phenomenon that the strain generated by the sample under the action of external force is much greater than the elastic limit strain, and the strain will automatically recover during the unloading process. In the parent phase, due to the effect of external stress, the strain triggers the martensite transformation, so the alloy exhibits different mechanical properties from ordinary materials. Its elastic limit is much larger than ordinary materials. And it no longer follows Hooke& #39;s law. Compared with the shape memory effect, superelasticity does not involve heat.

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About Izzy X. Junior   Product specialist

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Joined APSense since, December 4th, 2018, From Miramar, United States.

Created on Sep 10th 2021 01:28. Viewed 88 times.

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