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What tests are included in a bone profile test?

by Suborna Fermi Web Design & Digital Marketing

A bone profile test is one of the best ways to determine your bone health. It analyzes the levels of different enzymes, proteins, and minerals in your body to help the doctors understand bone health and development. This test is also ideal for detecting any bone disorders, such as bone cancer.      


Bone is a living tissue that is mainly made of collagen and calcium. Collagen is a type of protein that strengthens the bones, while calcium phosphate hardens the bones. As you get older, your bone density decreases, which increases your chances of getting osteoporosis.  


What is a bone profile test? 


A bone profile blood test is a group of blood tests that helps determine your bone health and development and detect bone disorders. This profile test can help diagnose bone disorders, including:


  • Osteoporosis:  Osteoporosis makes bones fragile or brittle and makes them more vulnerable to fractures. This condition mainly affects the bones on your hips, spine, and wrist. Heavy alcohol consumption, eating disorders, hormonal issues, medical conditions, and certain medications can contribute to developing osteoporosis.      

  • Paget’s disease: Paget’s disease refers to a condition that mainly affects the bone’s natural recycling process. This condition develops as you get older, and it is uncommon in people below 50 years of age. The exact cause of this disease is unknown; however, doctors believe that genetic and environmental factors can be responsible. 

  • Rickets: This is a childhood bone disorder that makes the bones soft and weak. A deficiency of vitamin D and calcium is the main cause of rickets. Vitamin D deficiency can develop from a poor diet and low sun exposure. 

  • Fibrous dysplasia: Fibrous dysplasia develops when abnormal fibrous or scar tissue replaces healthy bone, which makes the bones weaker and more prone to fractures. Although this can arise in any bone, it mainly develops in the skull, rib, pelvis, shin bone, thigh bone, and humerus. 

  • Bone tumor and cancer: Bone cancer is a rare condition that arises when the bone cells grow in an unusual manner. Primary bone cancer refers to a type of cancer that starts in the bones. The most common types of primary bone cancer include ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma. Bone metastasis develops when the cancer spreads to other body parts. The spine is the most common site of bone metastasis. 


What does a bone profile test look for? 


This profile test looks for different minerals and proteins in your blood sample, such as:


  • Vitamin D: It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for bone health and the immune system. Our body does not produce vitamin D on its own. A human body generates vitamin D from exposure to sunlight. Lack of vitamin D for a prolonged period can contribute to infections, autoimmune issues, cardiovascular disease, neurological conditions, and others. 

  • Calcium: Calcium is an extremely important mineral that helps strengthen the bones. It is also essential for strong teeth. Low calcium levels for long periods can reduce bone strength and lead to osteoporosis. 

  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): Measuring alkaline phosphatase is extremely useful to detect liver damage and bone disorders. If your liver test results are normal, then an elevated ALP level may indicate a bone disorder such as Paget’s disease. 

  • Albumin: Our liver produces albumin, and measuring this protein can help doctors detect kidney and liver disease. A low albumin level may indicate low bone density. 


Apart from these, a bone profile test also includes uric acid, vitamin B12, zinc, phosphorus, rheumatoid factor, and antinuclear antibodies.


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About Suborna Fermi Junior   Web Design & Digital Marketing

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Joined APSense since, January 2nd, 2019, From Kolkata, India.

Created on Nov 20th 2023 06:05. Viewed 80 times.

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