Water Management & Water Conservationby Ajit B. Consultant
Water- a must for the survival of living beings and the most precious and limited natural resource. We all know that about 75% of the earth’s surface is water covered . But most of the global water resources come from the seas and oceans as these bodies hold 96% of earth’s water . As these numbers looks great but only 2.5% of it is what available for drinking. We all know about the shortage of Water we are facing today . Let understand how we can conserve our water resource.
What makes water a Precious & Scarce Commodity.
• The total volume of water on earth’s surface- 97.5%
• The total volume of usable freshwater- 2.5%
• The volume of freshwater in glaciers- 1.7% of Earth’s surface water
• In Aquifers - 30%
• From rainfall - 4% of earth’s total
• India’s rank in the world for water availability per person (per annum)- 132
Conservation & Management of Water Resources
Water is the driving force of all the nature. But, going by the current usage and the pace of industrialization , it is depleting very fast and on the verge of becoming a scarce commodity , this is exactly what we fear will happen very soon, if we do not wisely use and conserve our water resources.
Researches are pointing that in next five years , India, along with many other countries will face a serious scarcity of water. Many regions in our country are currently undergoing the process of ‘water stress’ due to population growth . Water availability per capita is also reducing very quickly as per Water resources Ministry.
Though blessed with large numbers of rivers across the country , India’s socio-economic development pace has a lot to contributing in per capita shortage of water.. Rising population, rapid industrialization, urbanization and modernization of agriculture, are some of the main reasons for water shortages in many parts of the country. As a result, most of our prominent rivers, especially the smaller ones have become toxic with industrial and domestic waste products and pollution.
Saving our Water Resources
Water is indeed an essential resource for life on earth and driving force of nature and it must be conserved. We must adopt to 3R( Reclaim, Recycle & Reuse) Policy, Water Harvesting, Dam and river network building, Ensuring stringent pollution control parameters within the limits and adopting latest water treatment solutions available today..
Created on Nov 4th 2018 10:00. Viewed 198 times.
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