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Types of cargo damage in container shipping – How cargo dunnage bags helpto eliminate the damage

by Sanjeev Yadav SEO Consultant

Container shipping uses standardized containers that allow the transportation of cargo by rail, road, and ship seamlessly. The containers are provided  in a range of types and sizes. As the container does not need to be unlocked until it reaches its terminus, the cargo remains safe and secure. Container shipping helps to decrease transportation costs and to prevent damage or theft of cargo. Apart from that cargo dunnage bags can be helpful to eliminateany damage due to transportation .You can get them from the Cargo Dunnage Bags Manufacturers in Malaysia.

What is cargo damage?
Proper loading or “stuffing” of containers is very significant to the care and protection of the cargo, container, and vehicle being used. The transportation of cargo frequently includes a long period of travelling time and numerous modes of transport while being exposed to several environmental factors which can be the reason for damage to the cargo. While extreme care needs to be taken to ensure the safe delivery of the cargo to the final location, accidents can occur, leading to damage to cargo. Cargo damage may occur at any stage in a shipment routing. Considering the numerous kinds of cargo damage and how it can be avoided or mitigated would be the first step in ensuring  safe delivery of the cargo.

Types and reasons for cargo damage
The container is physically moved at numerous locations by different parties before reaching the final destination.

Five kinds of damage  categorized as being ‘cargo damage’:

Physical damage

Physical damage is when cargo is broken due to dropping, bumps, rolling, breakages, knocking during  transit, Most physical damages are due to poorly planned stowage which includes lack of proper lashing, dunnage, or chocking materials being used.

Water damage
Wet damage happens when the cargo is exposed to water, wet conditions, and seawater ingress into the container. The cargo normally transit  over various climatic zones andcauses the moisture  within the container to condense into water dropletscalled  “container rain” which damages the cargo. This can also cause rusting and erosion of the container walls.

Contamination damage
Cargo can be contaminated because of pollution, poisoning, insufficient cleaning, or exposure to weather elements rendering it unusable. Contamination can arise in both liquid and solid loads.

Reefer related damage
A refrigerated container or reefer is a shipment that needs the temperature to be measured, monitored, and retained within specific limits for the transportation of temperature-sensitive cargo. The cargo damage could happen due to reefer equipment failure, unsuitable setting of temperature, indecorous stowage or mishandling, power failure, and lack of appropriate air circulation.

Infestation damage
Infestation damage is initiated by the presence of insects or animals, particularly rodents in a cargo. Infestation damage can also lead to contamination harm due to the existence of droppings or parasites making the cargo dangerous and inappropriate for  consumption. The damage can also cause a delay of cargo delivery as health authorities will need to examine the cargo.

How to prevent cargo damage?
Damaged cargo can be the reason for huge financial and operational losses to the shipper. By applying preventive measures one can reduce cargo damage in the container.

Few defensive procedures which can be taken are:

Use the right type  of dunnage for the cargo

Appropriate usage of heavy and dunnage material to limit the movement of the cargo within the container

Plan the storage and distribution of the weight of the cargo in the container
Make sure containers are washed properly to avoid contamination

Cleaning the container will get rid of residues from previous shipment which may contaminate the cargo.

Check the container for any damage

Study climatic circumstances along  the physical route of the cargo and take suitable precautions to prevent damage


Confirm that the doors of the containers are well-sealed and rubber gaskets are existing.


Ensure that the reefer container has a valid inspection certificate and working  temperature management system.


How Do Dunnage Air Bags Work?
The key purpose of a dunnage airbag is to protect and stabilize the load and prevent it from moving while in transit. As the bag expands, the load is pressed against the container’s walls tightly preventing any shifting .It is important to ensure that you select the right size. An airbag of the incorrect size will not be effective.

Advantages of Using Dunnage Air Bags supplied by the Cargo Dunnage Bags Manufacturers

Economical – Dunnage airbags are a very effective option for blocking and shock absorption than some other methods including void fillers and lumber..


Optimal Strength – These bags have an excellent load stabilizing ability and can withstand tons of resistance and pressure due to load shifting.


Efficient Space Usage – Dunnage bags also allow for better usage of the existing container space.


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About Sanjeev Yadav Professional     SEO Consultant

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Joined APSense since, August 22nd, 2017, From Delhi, India.

Created on Sep 25th 2021 03:14. Viewed 163 times.

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