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Swine flu (H1N1 flu) - Symptoms and causes

by GoMedii T. Online Medical Help

Swine flu is a human respiratory infection which is caused by an influenza strain found in pigs. This infection is very injurious to your health because it's an infectious disease which can easily spread out. Today we are going to talk about swine flu and how it is dangerous for our health.


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What is swine flu?

 

Swine flu is an infection in pigs which can proceed to humans. It is a highly infectious respiratory disease caused by one of many Influenza A viruses.

 

This disease spreads among pigs by direct and indirect contact, aerosols, and from pigs which are infected but do not have symptoms. In many areas of the world, pigs are vaccinated against the infection. Generally, it is of the H1N1 influenza subtype. These viruses can sometimes come from other subtypes, like - H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2.


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What are the Preventions of Swine Flu?

 

There are some preventions of swine flu:

 

1. Limit contact with other people

 

2. Do not go to work or school

 

3. Cover the mouth while coughing or sneezing

 

4. Put used tissues in a trash can

 

5. Wash the hands and face regularly

 

6. Keep all surfaces that are touched clean

 

7. Follow all doctors' order

 

Swine Flu Diagnosis

 

During the diagnosis of swine flu, your doctor will likely conduct a physical exam, look for signs and symptoms of influenza, and possibly order a test which detects influenza viruses.

 

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There are many tests used to diagnose flu, but not everyone who has the flu needs to be tested. In some cases, knowing that someone has the flu doesn't change the treatment plan. Doctors are more likely to use a test to diagnose flu if:

 

1.       You're already in the hospital

       You're at high risk of complications from the flu

You live with someone who is at greater risk of flu complications

 

The doctor may also use a test to control whether a flu virus is the cause of your symptoms, or if you have or are showing signs of another problem besides the flu, such as:

 

1. Heart problems, like- heart failure or infection of the heart muscle

 

2. Lung and breathing problems, like- asthma or pneumonia

 

3. Brain and nervous system problems, like- encephalopathy or encephalitis

 

4. Septic shock or organ failure


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How to Treat Swine Flu?

 

There are some medications available which can effectively treat swine flu. The two main treatments are adamantanes, including amantadine and rimantadine, and medications which inhibit the influenza neuraminidase protein, like- oseltamivir and zanamivir. Usually, most people with swine influenza recover completely without the need for medical attention.


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About GoMedii T. Junior   Online Medical Help

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Joined APSense since, February 26th, 2019, From Noida, India.

Created on Mar 26th 2019 07:20. Viewed 279 times.

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