Kidney Stone Treatment - Precautionary Measures & RIRS Surgery

by Pace HP Pace Hospitals is a super speciality hospital focu

Kidney stone is a major kidney-related problem. Early detection can effectively treat any disease. Kidney stones are symptomatic as well as asymptomatic. Usually, kidney stones are small and can pass through the urinary tract undetected, while other stones can grow bigger. Even large stones can be almost asymptomatic unless they block urine flow. Large stones can cause severe discomfort when leaving the body. Kidney stones can lead to urinary tract disorders, infections, and kidney damage if ignored.

Renal colic is a kind of pain that is caused by a stone stuck in the ureter, which drains urine from the kidney. A kidney stone that gets stuck causes pain, and pain is often intense and affects only one side of the body. It may continue from a few minutes to several hours and occurs with spasms. Blood in the urine may result from the stone scraping against the inside of the ureter.

Kidney stones usually form when minerals and substances in the urine become concentrated and crystallized. Those stone could be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. Most of it consists of calcium and oxalate or phosphorus. Urine infections can cause a high fever, uncomfortable urination, and increased frequency of urination.

Kidney stones were primarily a disease of older men, but have become more common in men, women, and children since the 1970s. Possible causes are diets such as eating more protein, i.e. meat, carbohydrates, and processed foods, and the obesity pandemic.

You can best prevent kidney stones from forming in the first place, where you drink a lot of water. If you don't stay hydrated, your urine becomes more concentrated, concentrating minerals that can develop into kidney stones. This is especially important to remember during the summer months that warmer temperatures and increased outdoor activities increase the risk of dehydration and kidney stones.

Keeping yourself hydrated is good in case of keeping your kidney healthy. Still, there are other things that one should do to lower the chances of developing kidney stones, which is usually an excellent step to staying healthy. Here are some of them.

1. Maintain a healthy weight

Obesity is always risky for a healthy lifestyle. It also increases the risk of developing kidney stones.

2. Reduce  soda and sweets Intake

Fructose appears to increase the risk of kidney stones, so avoiding drinks and foods with lots of sugar or high fructose corn syrup is recommended. If a bit of pizazz with water is an easier choice than a soda, add lemon or lime juice, or add sugar-free flavourings, ideally with citrate, as citrate/citric acid can prevent certain types of kidney stones.

3. Reduce your sodium intake

It appears on almost every list of things you can do to improve your health, but it's significant for preventing kidney stones because salt leads to more calcium in your urine. Hence, reducing salty snacks and foods high in salt, such as canned soups and packaged snacks, could be helpful.

4. Eat more fruits and vegetables and avoid foods rich in oxalate

Eating lots of fruits and vegetables makes your urine less acidic, which reduces your chances of getting kidney stones, even if you want to avoid some vegetables because of their oxalate content. Foods with high oxalate content include spinach, beets, sweet potatoes, nuts, chocolate and coffee. Tea also contains oxalates, although some research suggests that homemade tea with minimal or no added sugar may be safer than canned/bottled tea and those made from powder.

Treatment - There are four main ways to deal with Kidney Stones

One should be monitored, especially in the beginning when the stones are not too many, large, causing unbearable symptoms, or where it can cause problems.

A less invasive surgical treatment option is extracorporeal shock lithotripsy or ESWL. This procedure uses shock waves to break up kidney or ureteral stones. Small pieces of stone are then able to be passed through your urine.

The third option is ureteroscopy, which is a similar procedure to colonoscopy. Still, instead of going through the colon, it passes through the urethra with a tiny camera to discover the stone. The stone is then broken into pieces and removed by the urologist.

A more invasive procedure is percutaneous nephrolithotomy, or PCNL, which involves using a rigid instrument to access the kidney through a small incision in the back. It may sound scary, but the incision is only about 1 cm and allows for treatment of larger stones in less time.

RIRS Surgery (Retrograde intrarenal surgery) is a retrograde ureteroscopic technique, it is performed inside the kidney without the need for any external hole or cuts. With the use of a live X-ray, that is fluoroscopy, the device is pushed up through the urethra and then placed into the kidney. The process is minimally invasive, making it an excellent choice for treating difficult conditions.

The following are some indications of RIRS Surgery:       

·         Kidney stones that are too large for lithotripsy

·         Kidney stones in children

·         Strictures in the kidney

·         Bleeding disorders in the kidneys

·         Failures in other treatment methods

·         In obese patients

Pace Hospital at Hitech City in Hyderabad is one of the hospitals in India, is performing RIRS surgery with experienced team of urologists having a track records of treating complex kidney and urology conditions apt in treating with the latest procedure techniques  with a 99.9% success rate. Pace hospital has a track record of performing, 7000+ RIRS surgery  for kidney stone.

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About Pace HP Freshman   Pace Hospitals is a super speciality hospital focu

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Created on Jul 20th 2022 00:50. Viewed 166 times.


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