Articles

Dental Issues Of Cancer Patients

by Shailesh Iyengar Writer
Dentist

Most cancer patients are at high risk for dental and dental complications due to the negative effects of their cancer treatment along with their cancer therapy.  The seriousness of side effects is dependent upon the cancer treatment and on the person itself.  Before treatment starts, patients will need to comprehend the causes of oral complications and how to deal with them to reduce symptoms and improve the quality of lifestyle.


Visit Sabkadentist for severe dental problems. 

Treatments which May Cause Dental and Oral Complications

Chemotherapy.  Most of the complications usually resolve after treatment ends and have been short term.  Oral complications caused by chemotherapy comprise 
Mouth sores (oral mucositis)
Bleeding from the mouth
Dry mouth (xerostomia)/salivary gland dysfunction) 
Tooth decay and gum disease
Infection
Pain
Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
Changes in taste
Neurotoxicity
Changes in dental growth and development happen in kids.
Malnutrition or dehydration

Radiation to the head and neck.  Oral complications Brought on by radiation therapy include:
Breakdown of tissue, bone or muscle in the region receiving radiation
Tooth decay and gum disease
Mouth sores (oral mucositis)
Infection
Infection 
Dry mouth (xerostomia)/salivary gland dysfunction
Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
Changes in flavor 
Changes in dental growth and development happen in kids.
Malnutrition or dehydration
Stem cell transplant.  Patients who get an allogeneic stem cell transplant have an increased probability of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).  GVHD occurs when donor cells attack the patient's body.  Symptoms of oral GVHD contain:
Mouth sores which are reddish and ulcerated
Dry mouth due to a decrease in saliva flow
Suffering from spices, alcohol, or other flavorings
Problems swallowing
Change in taste

Tightness from the skin or the lining of the mouth
Bone-modifying medications.  Bisphosphonates are a class.  Patients need to know that although bisphosphonates are successful, these drugs also carry risk to their dental health.  Bisphosphonate therapy can lead to a rare but severe complication called"osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ)."  ONJ causes a portion of the bone to die, which can result in open sores pain and a higher risk of infection and tooth loss.  Before treatment starts patients need to have a dental check-up before starting therapy and handle any problems.  The treatment wills halt if ONJ happens.

Before Cancer Therapy 
Good dental hygiene, before and during cancer treatment, can help to prevent or decrease the associated oral complications.  Patients need to learn about dental care so they can reduce side effects and handle symptoms.  The target is to treat present problems before treatment starts and to become educated about the dangers, side effects, and complications of treatment.
When therapy is not urgent, patients must go to a dentist at least four weeks before treatment begins.  A pretreatment oral test will identify issues like fractured teeth, cavities, loose crowns or fillings, or gum disease.  These issues should be addressed to reduce the probability of complications.

During Cancer Therapy 
To lower the possibility of complications such as cavities, mouth ulcers, and infections during treatment, it's very crucial to maintain your mouth, teeth, and gums clean.
Patients may take the next steps to help improve their oral health:
Brush teeth and gums two to three times each day.
Use a fluoride toothpaste with a mild taste--flavorings can irritate the mouth area.
Gradually floss once a day.
Every 2 hours, then rinse your mouth with a solution of water, salt, and baking soda to avoid soreness.
Use an antibacterial rinse two to four times per day to prevent gum disease.
Utilize lip-care merchandise to stop your lips from drying and cracking.
Brush dentures daily, clean using a denture cleaner recommended by the dental practitioner and also keep dentures moist when not being worn out.
Pay attention to diet.  Attempt to
Choose healthful foods that are soft, mild, and easy to chew and swallow.
Avoid hot, hot, highly acidic and crunchy foods that may irritate your mouth.
Avoid sugary foods, like candy or soda, which can cause cavities.
Prevent alcohol and tobacco products.
Keep your mouth moist during cancer therapies so you are more likely to prevent mouth blisters.  You can
Drink a Great Deal of water.
Suck on ice chips to prevent dryness.
Use sugarless gum or hard candies.
Use a saliva substitute.
Request about fluoride remedies which may be recommended to prevent cavities or tooth sensitivity.
Talk with your doctor about methods to boost bone health along with vitamin D and/or calcium supplements.
Look in your mouth every day and note sores or additional changes.  Take action to help avoid and cure a sore mouth.
Control of Infection 
Call your doctor, nurse, or physician if you notice oral complications.  Physician or dentist and the patient should work together to manage symptoms and treat ailments, either with drugs or supportive care.

Financial Implications
Paying for dental health hygiene is an issue for most cancer patients.  Not everybody can manage insurance, and benefits are not always an option.  Patients need to educate themselves about their dental and medical insurance policy and its limitations before they begin cancer remedies.
Patients must discuss their financial concerns with their dental and medical teams and discover whether there are any monetary tools available for them.  View the fact sheet, Dental and Oral Complications of Cancer Treatment Truth, to get a listing of organizations that may have the ability to assist.  

About Shailesh Iyengar Innovator   Writer

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Joined APSense since, August 30th, 2019, From Mumbai, India.

Created on Sep 18th 2019 00:46. Viewed 621 times.

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