About Keoladeo Ghana National Parkby Jessica Kappor Project Manager
Once famous as the Bharatpur National Park, Keoladeo is a popular world heritage site. The city of Bharatpur is very close to Mathura, and falls in the Golden Triangle route – Delhi-Agra-Jaipur. Keoladeo is an avifauna sanctuary which is known for over 366 species of birds, of which around 230 species are resident, and the rest migratory.
Due to the frequent stretches of dry grasslands, woodland swamps, woodlands, and wetlands, this manmade sanctuary has been termed “ghana”, meaning dense, by the locals. This sanctuary hosts diverse habitats which house around 379 species of flowers, 366 species of birds, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 species of turtles, 7 species of amphibians, and several other invertebrates.
Serving as the richest habitat for birds in the world, Keoladeo Ghana National Park is simply a heaven for bird-lovers and watchers, any day.
A quick history
Facts suggest that somewhere around the 18th century, the park had served as a duck shooting reserve for the British officials and the Maharanas of Bharatpur. However, Bharatpur was a low lying region and to save it from floods, Maharaja Suraj Mahl, the then-ruler of Bharatpur constructed the Ajan Bund in 1726-1763.
The depression thus caused got filled up during the monsoons, creating perfect conditions for waterfowl to flock here. Finally in 1902, Lord Curzon, the then-Viceroy of India, formally inaugurated the spot as a duck hunting reserve. Later on, it was upgraded to the status of a “National Park” in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
You can travel to Bharatpur via road, railways, and airways. The closest railway station to the National Park is Bharatpur Junction (5 km.), while the closest airports are that of Delhi and Jaipur. Regular bus services are available to the city from Delhi, Mathura, Agra, Alwar, and Jaipur.
Best time to visit
It is between October and February that migratory birds visit this place in abundance, while at other times, the wetlands are generally dry and void of birds.
What to see ?
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is visited by many national and international migratory birds, including –
- Saras Crane
- Black necked stork
- Snake birds
Besides these, you can also spot –
- Spotted deer
As per the Keoladeo Ghana National Park timings, the park opens up quite early in the morning and closes down by 6 p.m. In case you want to avoid long walks, consider the rickshaw or bicycle tours that are available within the reserve.
Created on Sep 18th 2017 08:06. Viewed 541 times.
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