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How do kidney stones form?

by Dr Aman Gupta Doctor

It is quite natural to have some crystals getting eliminated in your Urine. You are in a safer zone when these crystals do not turn into huge stones that can block your urine flow making you feel really hard to pee. These stones begin to form due to many things such as what you eat or the medications you take. If you or your family members had a kidney stone, then there is a greater chance of having it in the future. When you are extremely troubled out of these hard nuggets and are looking for the Best Kidney Stone Treatment In Delhi, visit our clinic where our surgeon renders exceptional treatment to eliminate the stone and provide you with greater relief.


What is a Kidney stone?

Kidney stones are also known as renal lithiasis are the crystalline deposits of hard minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. They are usually composed of calcium oxalate and also other compounds such as uric acid, struvite, and cysteine. They can grow up to the size of a golf ball having a sharp and crystalline structure. Sometimes, when these stones are small they directly pass through your urinary tract unnoticed but causes extreme pain while getting eliminated from your body. When they grow larger in size, they may block anywhere in your urinary tracts such as Kidneys, Urethra, Ureters, and Bladder.


What causes Kidney stone?

The following cases can be responsible for your stone formation:

  • Lack of water

This is the leading cause of your stone formation. Drinking plenty amount of water makes enough urine to dilute the things that can turn into stones. Having citrus drinks like lemonade or orange juice can block stones from forming.

  • Diet

Your diet intake plays a key role in contributing to your kidney stones. Calcium and oxalate bind together when your kidneys make urine. Oxalate is largely found in many healthy fruits and vegetables such as  in spinach, bran cereals, rhubarb, beets, etc., It is better to avoid huge consumption of such foods

  • Sodium

The greater is the amount of sodium you consume, you are more likely to have a stone getting formed in your urinary tract. As known, your table salt is the rich source of sodium. It is advisable to switch to rock salt as there is a lesser amount of sodium content. Also, watch out for salty snacks, canned and processed foods.

  • Gut Problems

Some inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are commonly accompanied by stone formation.

  • Obesity

If you are obese, then your chances of stone formation doubles. Therefore steps should be taken to lose your weight healthy way than opting a weight loss surgery. This is because the surgery itself can cause stone formation.

  • Some medications such as calcium and vitamin c supplements may also increase the risk of stone formation.


How do these stones form?

As mentioned above, there are certain stone promoters that come from our bloodstreams such as calcium, oxalate, sodium, phosphorus and uric acid. These stone promoting compounds when reaches the kidneys, which are the gate pass to determine what to be reabsorbed into the bloodstream again and what not to be absorbed and eliminated as waste. In addition to these compounds, urine also contains stone inhibitors such as citrate, magnesium, pyrophosphate, phytate, and proteins which are the major macromolecules that aid in the elimination of crystals before they turn into hard stones while reaching the kidneys. Therefore urine should be less saturated to be devoid of stone formation. In order for tiny crystals to transform into larger stones, the urine must first become supersaturated, either due to:

  • Low urine volume

  • Abnormally high concentration of stone promoters

  • Abnormally low concentration of stone inhibitors

  • Any combination of the above

Under normal conditions, a balance is established between the urinary stone promoters and inhibitors that lead to painless elimination of tiny crystals from the kidneys. Thus, if the crystals remain small and if the urine is dilute enough to avoid supersaturation, these crystals pass through your urinary system and get excreted in your urine without being noticed or causing problems. However, when this balance between stone promoters and inhibitors gets disturbed either due to genetic, lifestyle or other factors this is leading to the formation of kidney stones.


Dr. Aman Gupta is the Best Urological Surgeon In Delhi and one of the most experienced urologists in the country. He is an expert in the process of stone removal and had performed more than 2500 laser surgeries and more than 1000 Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery that has added the tribute to his service. Fix an appointment with our doctor if you wish to get rid of the kidney stone that is troubling you for many years.


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About Dr Aman Gupta Junior   Doctor

1 connections, 0 recommendations, 16 honor points.
Joined APSense since, March 16th, 2019, From new delhi, India.

Created on Mar 27th 2019 06:29. Viewed 423 times.

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