What is Rera Act in Real Estate

by Sahil Khan Real Estate Industry

What is Rera Act in Real Estate

What is Rera?

RERA, which is the Real Estate Regulatory Authority, was established under the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016, with the aim to regulate the real estate sector and address the issues faced by home buyers. (Haryana RERA) The bill for this Parliament of India Act was approved by the Upper House (Rajya Sabha). Only 52 of the 92 sections had been notified at the time. All of the remaining provisions went into effect on May 1, 2017.

Rera Act Has The Following Purpose

§  To protect the interest of the allottees and ensure their accountability.

§  Maintaining transparency and lowering the risk of fraud.

§  It bring about professionalism and implement Pan-India standardization.

§  To improve the flow of accurate information between buyers and sellers of homes.

§  To make both the builders and the investors impose more responsibility.

§  To improve the sector's stability and build investor confidence.

Home buyers have long complained that real estate transactions are unbalanced and heavily in favour of the developers. RERA and the government's model code in India aim to create a more equal and fair transaction between property sellers and buyers, particularly in the primary market. It is envisaged that RERA will make real estate purchases easier by increasing accountability and transparency, provided that states do not undermine the central act's provisions and spirit. The RERA will be the first regulatory body for the Indian real estate business. The Real Estate Act requires each state and union territory to establish its own regulator and set forth the guidelines that will regulate the authority's operations.

Some of the important RERA compliances are

ü  Notifying allottees of any minor additions or changes.

ü  Any other addition or change requires the approval of 2/3rd allottees.

ü  No launch or advertising unless the registration with Rera.

ü  For transferring majority rights to a third party, 2/3 of allottees must agree.

ü  Sharing project plans, layouts, government approvals, property title status, and subcontractors' information.

ü  Increased assertion on the timely completion of projects and delivery to the consumer.

ü  Due to a five-year faulty liability period, the quality of the construction has improved.

ü  Formation of RWA within specified time or 3 months after majority of units have been sold.

Some Points Under Real Estate Regulation and Development (RERA)

A good policy can provide a rising economy a big boost. Consumers can gain from investing in a wealthy economy like India, particularly in Gurgaon, which is a rising market for maximizing returns, now that RERA is expected to change the real estate market.

·         Security: A minimum of 70% of buyers' and investors' money would be maintained in a separate account under the RERA act. This money will thereafter be used only for construction and land charges by the builders. Before the sale agreement is signed, developers and builders cannot ask for more than 10% of the property's cost as an advance payment.

·         Fairness: Developers are now instructed by RERA to offer properties based on carpet area rather than super built-up area. The project delayed, customers have the option of receiving a full refund or opting to be invested and get a monthly return on their money.

·         Transparency: Builders are supposed to present original paperwork for every job they take on. Builders are not allowed to make alterations to the plans without the buyers.

·         Quality: The builder must rectify any issue faced by the buyer within 5 years of purchase. This issue must be rectified within 30 days of the complaint.

·         Authorisation: Without registering with the regulator, a regulator cannot advertise, sell, build, invest, or book a plot. Following registration, all investment advertisements must include a unique project-specific registration number given by RERA.


RERA was established to improve transparency and accountability in real estate and housing transactions. The following are some of the Act's important features:

1) In each Indian state, a Real Estate Regulatory Authority establishment to monitor, judge, and arbitrate any disputes relating to real estate projects in that state.

2) The establishment of a fast-track mechanism for resolving disputes. This appeal tribunal and dedicated by adjudicating officers will be done.

3) RERA requires that all real estate projects must be registered in order for the authority to have jurisdiction over them. The authority has the right to refuse a project's registration if the rules are not followed.

4) In case a promoter to transfer or assign a majority of your rights and responsibilities in a           real estate project to a third party, two-thirds of the allottees will be needed their written authorization, in addition to RERA's written approval.

5) If either the buyer or the promoter defaults, they will both be liable to pay an identical rate of interest.

6) If the promoter causes the buyer any damages as a result of other individuals claiming property (defective title of land) that is being built or has been built, the promoter will be liable to reimburse the buyer. There is now no legal restriction on the amount of compensation that can be paid.

7) If a person has a problem with a promoter, buyer, or agent violating the Act's requirements or rules, they can register a complaint with RERA.

8) RERA can prevent an agent, promoter, or buyer from continuing any action that has been the subject of a complaint while an investigation is underway.

9) If the promoter does not follow RERA's instructions, they will be fined. This sum could be as much as 5% of the property's assessed value. A penalty will be imposed if the Appellate Tribunal's orders are not followed. This can be a sentence of up to three years in prison, a fine of up to 10% of the project's estimated cost, or both.

10) No civil court will have jurisdiction over any subject that falls under the jurisdiction of RERA or the Appellate Tribunal. As a result, no court may issue an injunction against RERA or the Tribunal's actions.


Concerns about project delivery delays, unplanned changes in construction plans, unexplained excess expenses, and failure to deliver on promised features can all be raised by the builder. Complaints can be filed under Section 31 of the RERA Act. Developers, builders, and agents can file complaints with the regulating authority or the adjudicating officer.

How to file a complaint under RERA?

Any homebuyer can file a RERA complaint online by filling out a form and paying the registration fees. By developing official RERA websites, many state governments have made the process of filing a complaint under RERA easier and less time-consuming.

Step 1 – Step 1: Go to the respective state's RERA website. Click on the link 'Online Complaint Registration' or 'Complaint Registration.' Homebuyers can, for instance, make complaints on the Haryana RERA website by clicking on the link under 'Complaint Registration.'

Step 2 – To file a complaint, go to the form and fill it out. The complaint form will open, and you will be required to fill in the details of the complaint.

Step 3 – Homebuyers will be required to provide personal information such as their name, address, phone number, and project specifics when filing a complaint. Required documents can also be attached by complainants.

Step 4 – Following that, you must pay the complaint registration fees, which are Rs 1,000 for a standard complaint and Rs 5,000 for submitting a complaint with an adjudicating authority.


Under the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act of 2016, certain offences are liable to relevant penalties (RERA).

In Buyer’s Case

Non-compliance with RERA will result in a daily penalty of up to 5% of the project's estimated cost. Failure to comply with the Appellate Tribunal can result in a prison sentence of up to one year or a fine of up to 10% of the project's estimated cost, or both.

In Promoters Case

Non-registration will result in a penalty of 10% of the project's estimated cost.5% of the project's cost for providing false information. Violence to the law, up to 3 years in prison or a fine of 10% of the property's estimated value, or both.

In Agent’s Case

Non-registration of projects would result in a penalty of Rs.10,000 per day or 5% of the estimated cost of the project. RERA noncompliance is a significant offence. A daily penalty of up to 5% of the estimated project value could be imposed. Noncompliance with the Appellate Tribunal can result in a sentence of up to one year in prison or a fine of up to 10% of the project's estimated cost, or both.


Haryana Rera

On July 28, 2017, the Haryana Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Rules, 2017 comes into force, and on October 4, 2018, the Haryana RERA site ( was launched. In Panchkula and Gurugram, the RERA Haryana has distinct authority.

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About Sahil Khan Innovator   Real Estate Industry

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Joined APSense since, May 23rd, 2022, From Gurgaon, India.

Created on Jun 20th 2022 04:13. Viewed 280 times.


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