Articles

Types of Hydroponics Systems

by Natures Miracle Hydroponic Vegetables and Fruits Farming In India
Beginning a hydroponic practice is like any other practice you cultivate. It has a few rules, a few routines and a lot of benefits to end up with. But hydroponic farming is a vast area to begin with and you’ll need all the information before you actually commence with the practice.

Here are a few tips to help you do it properly:

As you may well know by now that Hydroponics is a practice of farming using nutrients mixed in water and a growing medium. In essence it is a farming technique that does away with all barriers between the plant roots, water and the nutrients the plants need to grow. There are many systems to facilitate this phenomenon but like all things, each comes with some pros and cons for the type of plants you have in mind. 

To get the most yields out of your plant, the perfect hydroponic system is as crucial as choosing your growing base or picking the nutrients for your plants.

There are six types of best hydroponics in India

  1. Wick system
  2. Deep water culture
  3. Nutrient film technique
  4. Ebb and flow
  5. Aeroponics
  6. Drip systems

  1. Wick System:  it is the most fundamental hydroponic system that draws water without the use of air pumps or water pumps. The nutrients in the water are transported to the root using only a wick, which is often an absorbent material such as rope, or felt.   

    This system works best with small plants, or plants that spread out horizontally rather than vertically. It truly leaves the practitioner free to explore other things after the initial set up, yielding better results without much effort.
  2. Deep Water Culture: In Deep Water Culture the nutrient solution is held in a reservoir. In this method, the roots are immersed in the solution while the net pots with growing medium provide the separation for the shoot. This is an inexpensive practice that can also be cultivated at home. All you need is a air stone to activate the nutrients in the water and an air pump to keep the roots slightly afloat.
  3. This method doesn’t just save efforts but it also is very economic and sustainable, as the inputs remain in circulation and give the same results time and time again.
  4. Nutrient Film Technique:  This system is similar to Deep Water Culture; only in this the plants are grown in channels above the reservoir. The nutrient solution is pumped into this channel with the air of water pumps and circulated back into the reservoir at the end of the channel to carry on the recirculation again. 
  5. In this method the roots are not immersed in the solution but rather held slightly aloft via a film. The water pumped into the chamber allows freshly activated nutrients and air to reach the roots. This method requires minimum growing medium and reduces wastage of water and solution. 
  6. Ebb & Flow: This method employs planting at two levels in trays. The upper level tray contains the plants while the lower tray contains nutrient solution. This method does not constantly feed nutrient solution to the roots but rather it systematically floods the roots a few times of the day. A air stone and water pump pushes the nutrient solution to the upper tray. This method is efficiently uses energy and water but it requires a lot of growing medium for the plants to grow.
  7. Aeroponics: This is the most high-tech hydroponic system that keeps the roots suspended in the air while a spray nozzle mists the roots systematically with nutrient solution. In this method the roots receive the right amount of oxygen and nutrition while the system efficiently conserves water and energy. This technique is also known to have yielded better results as compared to any other hydroponic system.

Drip System: This is the most efficient hydroponic system that conserves upto 90% more water as compared to any other method. In this the plants are grown in net pots over a chamber. The roots are fed with nutrients using drips, while the excess water gets collected in the chamber below and is re-circulated. This is a great method to grow hydroponic peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers without using the amount of water they generally would require to grow. 

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About Natures Miracle Junior   Hydroponic Vegetables and Fruits Farming In India

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Joined APSense since, February 26th, 2019, From Greater Noida, India.

Created on Jul 1st 2019 23:12. Viewed 451 times.

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