Steps Involved In The Paternity Testby Namarta B. Digital Marketing Specialist
What Exactly DNA is?
DNA can be found anywhere and everywhere in the body which also consists of 100 trillion cells that serve different functions. Our body consists of diverse cells that have an important trait known as the nucleus. Generally, the nucleus holds genetic information which is collaborated into one molecule known as DNA.
Every cell in the body contains some genetic information and is a great source of DNA. Paternity is also concerned with DNA which can be determined by precise testing on various blood or tissue samples of the father and a child.
What Paternity Test Is?
The DNA paternity testing has high accuracy that ranges between 90 and 99 percent. A DNA test can make sure whether a particular man is a biological father or not. Thus, we can say that this test shows the certainty of parenthood or the likelihood of paternity. Also, these tests have a legal impact and make it easy to make legal decisions about child custody and child support.
DNA Paternity Testing
How Testing Is Done?
DNA is the genetic material that is unique in the body of every individual except in the case of identical births. When a child takes birth. A child takes half of the DNA from his biological mother and the other half of DNA from his/her biological father. During the DNA testing, the genetic characteristics are compared to both mother and father. If genetic characteristics are found not to be inherited from mother than it should have been inherited from father.
DNA paternity tests can be said as the most precise and accurate form of testing. For instance, if DNA patterns of father and child do not match than an alleged father can be ruled out totally and if the DNA patterns match between mother, child and alleged father on each probe than there are cent percent chances of parenthood.
Processes Involved In testing and extraction Of DNA
The three basic steps involved during testing are listed as follows
Breaking The Cells
Separation Of DNA from the rest of the cell
Collection Of Pure DNA in The Single Sample
The cells can be broken and opened by the use of a special chemical process that is used to separate DNA from nuclei. The collected cells can be broken and opened by the usage of a special chemical process which also separates DNA from the nucleus and a special liquid is left which contains DNA along with some other cell parts such as proteins and lipids that are not required for testing. After that DNA is separated from other cellular parts which also use complicated robotics.
The DNA mixture is then transferred to silica-based nano-beads the DNA sticks to the beads and other cell parts are washed off. The final step is elution which removes the DNA from beads and is ready for the next step in the paternity testing processes.
The crux of the content is that DNA paternity is done for the certainty whether an alleged father is the father of a child or not then accordingly rights can be given to a person.
Created on Aug 6th 2019 07:11. Viewed 368 times.