Metabolic Acidosis: Causes, Symptoms, Testing, Treatment

by Manya Verma Health care and lifestyle


Metabolic acidosis in a chemical imbalance of acids and bases in your blood. Due to this your body may be making too much acid and/or may not be getting rid of acid properly or may not have enough base to maintain the balance. Though most of the times it is a mild condition, but it can be life-threatening under severe cases.



There can be multiple reasons causing the imbalance but the most common reasons as per the

Ketoacidosis: Due to diabetes your body burns fat instead of carbs as fuel, and that makes ketones. Lots of ketones in your blood turn it acidic.

Lactic acidosis: The cells in your body make lactic acid when they don't have a lot of oxygen to use. This can happen due to intense work out or heart conditions.

Renal tubular acidosis: As per the best kidney hospital in Chandigarh, kidney diseases and certain immune system and genetic disorders can damage kidneys which leads to acid in your blood.

Hyperchloremic acidosis: Severe diarrhea, laxative abuse, and kidney problems can cause lower levels of base that helps neutralize acids in blood.

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Although symptoms can differ depending on the cause, but common symptoms are:


·       Fast Breathing

·       Fast heartbeat

·       Have a headache

·       Be confused

·       Fatigue

·       Lack of appetite

·       Nausea

·       Vomiting

·       Fruity-smelling breath



Testing becomes important in order to find the right cause if the symptoms and the best hospital in Chandigarh recommends the following tests for diagnosis.


·       Anion gap: This test measures the chemical balance in the blood by comparing the numbers of positively and negatively charged particles. The gap depends on the type and severity of the metabolic acidosis.

·       Arterial blood gases: This test measures the pH and the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood

·       Urine tests is the most recommended test by best kidney doctor in Chandigarh as it can reveal ketoacidosis, kidney problems, and poisoning. There are OTC strips available to test for ketones.


There are also other some blood sugar tests can measure ketones in the blood.



The best treatment for metabolic acidosis is treating the cause of it. Treatment is extremely important because if the balance is not restored it can affect the bones, muscles, and kidneys and it can lead to coma or death in extreme cases.


Basic forms of treatment at hospitals in Panchkula Chandigarh includes:


·       Detoxification

·       Insulin

·       IV fluids

·       Sodium bicarbonate

·   Hospitalization may be necessary depending upon the treatment.



The first step to prevention is consulting your primary caregiver if you notice any mild symptoms related to metabolic acidosis. As per a well-known internal medicine doctors in Panchkula these are the things that can reduces the chances:


·       Drink plenty of water and healthy fluids.

·       Maintain clear urine and consult the doctor if the color changes to pale yellow

·       Avoid alcohol as it increases acid buildup and causes dehydration

·       Keep blood sugar levels in check


Paras Institute of Nephrology at Paras Hospitals, Panchkula is a premier centres in the Tricity for chronic kidney disease and kidney failure.

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About Manya Verma Advanced   Health care and lifestyle

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Joined APSense since, June 18th, 2018, From Gurgaon, India.

Created on Apr 26th 2019 01:22. Viewed 148 times.


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