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Kidney Failure: Symptoms, Causes and Types

by Rohit Singh Digital Marketing Manager

Kidney failure or renal failure is a medical function marked by the inability of the kidneys to carry out their functions normally. The normal functioning of the kidneys is vital for our existence as these not only purify the blood of various impurities but also perform various metabolic function. Kidney failure can be a result of many factors. Best doctors in Delhi usually recommend a kidney transplant for the same when medicines and dialysis fail to give the desired result. 

About kidney failure:

A person is said to be suffering from a kidney or renal failure when his/her kidneys are unable to filter out wastes from the blood. The kidneys are a pair of reddish-brown, bean-shaped organs located on either side of the lower back. Though the normal functioning of both the kidneys is crucial for a healthy life, it is very much possible for a person to live a healthy life with only one completely functional kidney. As per the doctors specializing in Kidney transplant in India, normal kidney function can be hampered by a variety of factors that include exposure to toxic chemicals, underlying disease, chronic dehydration and trauma to the kidneys. When the kidneys fail to carry out their work normally, it leads to the accumulation of harmful wastes and toxins in the blood that eventually give rise to life-threatening complications.

Symptoms that you need to look out for:

During the initial stages, the patient may not experience any major symptom as these usually progress with time. Some common symptoms include the following:

  • A drastic decrease in the amount of urine
  • Oedema or swelling in the limbs as a result of fluid retention in these areas
  • Breathlessness
  • Excessive fatigue and general body weakness
  • Feeling nauseated, especially after meals
  • Feeling sudden pressure in the chest persistently
  • Pain in the lower back and chest
  • Seizures and confusion
  • Coma

Kidney transplant in Delhi has successfully helped people to deal with these symptoms and lead a healthy life.

Causes of kidney failure:

Kidney failure may be a result of any of the following:

  • Cut down of blood supply to the urine which may be due to 

  1. An underlying cardiovascular problem that leads to obstruction on the blood vessels
  2. Dehydration caused by insufficient water intake
  3. Sever burns suffering in an accident
  4. Scarring of the liver tissue
  5. Allergic reaction to certain foods and environmental pollutants
  6. Side effects of certain medicines
  7. Severe infection or sepsis in the kidneys. 
  8. Unmanaged hypertension and diabetes


  • Difficulty in passing out urine which triggers the build-up of toxins and the kidneys become overloaded. This may be due to:

  1. Prevalence of kidney stones
  2. Enlarged prostate
  3. Clot formation within the urinary tract
  4. Severe damage to the nerves and muscles that control the urinary bladder. 

  • Other causes of kidney failure include:

  1. Excessive drug abuse and alcohol intake
  2. Presence of a blood clot in the kidney
  3. Toxin overload caused by exposure to heavy metals
  4. Chronic or long-term infection
  5. Vasculitis or unhealthy inflammation of the blood vessels
  6. Autoimmune diseases like lupus that can trigger inflammation in various organs
  7. Glomerulonephritis or inflammation in the tiny blood vessels present in the kidneys
  8. Underlying diseases and malignancies that include multiple myeloma and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
  9. Side-effects of certain medicines and dyes used in imaging tests


Types of kidney failure:

Kidney failure can be broadly classified into 5 different types:

  1. Acute prerenal kidney failure – It is triggered by an insufficient flow of oxygenated blood to the kidneys. As the continuous supply of blood is vital to ensure healthy renal function, lack of the same can prevent the kidneys from carrying out their functions properly and lead to accumulation of toxins in the body. 
  2. Acute intrinsic kidney failure – It is caused by a sudden and direct trauma to the kidney which may be sustained in an accident. It may also be a result of toxin overload or ischemia.
  3. Chronic prerenal kidney failure – It is caused by an insufficient flow of blood to the kidneys for a prolonged period of time, as a result of which the kidneys start to shrink and become non-functional 
  4. Chronic intrinsic kidney failure – It is caused by prolonged damage to the kidneys due to intrinsic kidney disease. It is triggered by direct trauma to the kidneys.
  5. Chronic post-renal kidney failure – It is a result of a long-term obstruction in the flow of urine due to blockage in the urinary tract which imposes an unnecessary strain on the kidneys. 


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About Rohit Singh Innovator   Digital Marketing Manager

19 connections, 0 recommendations, 51 honor points.
Joined APSense since, November 2nd, 2015, From New Delhi, India.

Created on Sep 1st 2020 01:41. Viewed 112 times.

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