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Introduction of Typical Fault Codes of Generator Sets

by Dingbo Power dbdieselgenerator

This article is mainly about introduction of typical fault codes of diesel generator set, hope it is helpful to you.


1. Fault code 131,132 of generator sets

131: No. 1 accelerator pedal or lever position sensor circuit, voltage above normal value or short circuit to high voltage source.

132: No. 1 accelerator pedal or lever position sensor circuit, voltage under normal value or short circuit to low voltage source.

 

(1)Fault phenomenon

The voltage on accelerator pedal position sensor 1 circuit is high(fault code 131) or low (fault code 132).

 

(2)Circuit description

The throttle position sensor is a Hall effect sensor connected to the accelerator pedal, the signal voltage from the throttle position sensor to the ECM will change when the accelerator pedal is depressed or released. When the accelerator pedal is at 0, the ECM will receive a low voltage signal; When the accelerator pedal is at 100%, the ECM will receive a high voltage signal. The accelerator pedal position circuit includes 5V power circuit, return circuit and signal circuit. The accelerator pedal has two position sensors which are used to measure the throttle position. Both position sensors receive 5V power from the ECM and the corresponding signal voltage from the ECM according to the accelerator pedal position. The No. 1 throttle position signal voltage is twice of the No. 2 throttle position signal voltage. This fault code is set when the ECM senses a signal voltage that is below the normal operating range of the sensor.

 

(3)Component location

The accelerator pedal or lever position sensor is located on the accelerator pedal or lever.

 

(4)Reason

Accelerator pedal or lever position signal circuit short circuit to battery or + 5V source;

Broken circuit in accelerator pedal circuit in harness or connector;

Accelerator power supply short circuit to battery;

Faulty accelerator pedal or lever position sensor; 

Wrong installation of accelerator pedal during maintenance.

 

(5)Solution ways 

Check whether the wiring of accelerator pedal is correct; 

Check whether the accelerator pedal position sensor and connector pins is damage or looseness; 

Check whether the accelerator pedal position sensor voltage and return voltage are about 5V; 

Check if the ECM and 0EM harness connector pins are damage or looseness; 

Check if the ECM and 0EM harness circuit is open or short

2.Fault code 331, 332 of generator sets 

331:The current in No.2 cylinder injector solenoid driver is below normal value or open. 

332: The current in No.4 cylinder injector solenoid driver is below normal value or open.

 

(1)Fault phenomenon 

The engine may misfire or run rough; the engine is weak under heavy load.

 

(2)Circuit description 

When the injector solenoids control the amount of fuel injected, the electronic control module (ECM) supplies power to the solenoids by turning off the high and low switches. There are two high-end switches and six low-end switches in the ECM.

 

The injectors of cylinders 1, 2 and 3 (front) share a single high-end switch inside the ECM, which connects the injector circuit to the high-pressure power supply. Similarly, four, five and six cylinders (back row) share a single high-end switch inside the ECM. Each injector circuit in the ECM has a dedicated low-end switch, which forms a complete circuit to the ground.

 

(3)Component location 

The engine harness connects the ECM to three through connectors for the injector circuits that are located in the rocker arm housing. The internal injector harness is located under the valve cover and connects the injector to the engine harness at the through connector. Each through connector supplies power to both injectors and provides a return circuit.


(4)Reason 

331 fault alarm caused by abnormal operation of cylinder 1, 2 and 3 injectors; 

332 fault alarm caused by abnormal operation of cylinder 4, 5 and6 injectors; 

Virtual connection of engine injector connecting harness or injector connecting wire; 

The injector solenoid is damaged (high or low resistance); 

ECM internal damage.

 

(5)Solution ways 

Check the fuel injector harness for virtual connection or short circuit; 

Check the pins in the injector connection harness for a short circuit caused by oil contamination.

 

3.Fault code 428 of generator sets 

428: Water in fuel indicator sensor circuit, voltage above normal value or short to high source.

 

(1)Fault phenomenon 

Engine water in fuel fault alarm.   

 

(2)Circuit description 

The water in fuel (WIF) sensor is attached to the fuel filter and the electronic control module provides a 5V DC reference signal to the water in fuel sensor. After the water collected in the fuel filter covers the sensor probe, the water in fuel sensor makes the 5V reference voltage grounded, indicating that the water in fuel filter is high.

 

(3)Component location 

Water in fuel sensor is generally provided by 0EM and synthesized on vehicle fuel prefilter.

 

(4)Failure reason 

Alarm caused by too much water in prefilter; 

Alarm caused by disconnection of harness connector of connecting sensor; 

Alarm caused by reverse connection of connecting harness; 

Alarm caused by wrong sensor model 

Broken in harness, connector or sensor return or signal circuit; 

The signal wire is shorted to the sensor power supply.

 

(5)Solution ways 

Check whether the vehicle prefilter has accumulated water; 

Check whether the sensor matches; 

Check whether the sensor wiring is correct and whether the connector contacts; 

Generally, the alarm "428" will be given when two wires are short circuited.

 

Dingbo Power company produces diesel generator set with many kinds of engine, such as Cummins, Volvo, Perkins, Deutz, Yuchai, Shangchai, Ricardo, Weichai, Wuxi, MTU etc. Power range is from 20kw to 3000kw. If you have order plan, welcome to contact us by Dingbo@dieselgeneratortech.com.


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About Dingbo Power Advanced   dbdieselgenerator

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Joined APSense since, June 22nd, 2022, From nanning city, China.

Created on May 4th 2023 01:45. Viewed 109 times.

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