How to Construct Self-drilling Hollow Rock Bolt in Sand Slate Stratum?

by Simone S. sinorockco

Slate belongs to the metamorphic rocks in the three major rock types. It is generally formed by the metamorphism of mudstone of sedimentary rocks. It has a plate-like structure and a relatively low degree of metamorphism. The silty slate is formed by the metamorphism of silty mudstone and contains a certain amount of silt. In the fault zone, the overall rock mass is relatively broken to broken, and there is scattered fissure water, which brings great difficulties to the support construction. Under such geological conditions, what are the challenges of ordinary mortar bolt construction? How to construct self-drilling hollow rock bolts?

The Ordinary Mortar Bolt Construction

Layers, interlayer extrusion dislocation zones, faults, and joint fissures are developed in the rock body; the in-situ stress in the deep rock body of the valley slope is high, and the superficial rock mass has strong relaxation due to stress release and unloading, and there are deep fractures in the deep part of the bank slope.

The mortar bolt is made of Φ28mm threaded steel, and a Φ60mm cross-shaped alloy drill is used to make holes.

Drilling Process

Inspection (drill bit water hole) → drilling → hole cleaning → drilling → bolt installation → inserting grouting pipe → grouting

During the construction process, the phenomenon of sticking is obvious when drilling. After the drilling is completed, the bolt cannot be installed to the designed hole depth when installing the bolt. When drilling with mortar bolts, in order to prevent the drill pipe from being stuck in the hole until it reaches the bottom of the hole and cannot be taken out, the drill pipe should be continuously lifted and lowered during the drilling process, and the holes should be blown and repeatedly swept while drilling. The phenomenon of internal block dropping is serious, so the drilling speed of the mortar bolt is slow.

The Self-drilling Hollow Rock Bolt Construction

Introduction of Self-Drilling Hollow Rock Bolt

Self-drilling anchor rod drilling and anchor rod installation are synchronous construction, that is, the drill rod and the anchor rod are combined into one. When the anchor rod hole is drilled to the final hole, the anchor rod installation also reaches the corresponding depth. This caused the failure to form holes due to the collapse of the overburden layer and the bedrock crushed zone, resulting in the occurrence of the phenomenon that the bolt installation could not be constructed.

Drill Selection

Since slate is a metamorphic rock with high hardness, alloy drill bits should be used for construction in slate geology. Self-drilling bolts use cross-shaped alloy drill bits. The self-drilling bolt is directly installed on the power head, and the front end of the self-drilling bolt is installed with an alloy drill bit for impact rotary drilling.

Construction Process

Drilling process: inspection (drill water hole) → review (whether there is foreign matter blockage) → drilling → hole cleaning → installation of slurry stopper → grouting → installation of backing plate and nuts


Drill relatively fast in this formation, low requirements on the hole wall, good hole forming effect, and no hole collapse phenomenon;

Has a rich variety of drill bits, and the drill bit can be selected according to the properties of rock and soil, which can improve the drilling efficiency;

Can fill cracks, consolidate rock mass and soil layer through pressure grouting, and has good grouting spreading radius and reliable anchoring quality;

Can be cut arbitrarily and lengthened by the coupler. Therefore, the self-drilling anchor bolt is suitable for construction in a narrow space that large equipment cannot enter.


The self-drilling hollow rock bolt is safe, efficient, and convenient. It is suitable for broken rock, loose soil, and geological conditions where is difficult to drill holes. It helps to ensure the anchoring effect in complex ground conditions and achieve the best construction result. In addition, the drilling speed is much faster than the mortar bolts.

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About Simone S. Advanced   sinorockco

8 connections, 0 recommendations, 106 honor points.
Joined APSense since, November 28th, 2019, From LuoYang, China.

Created on Jul 26th 2022 04:48. Viewed 133 times.


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