Driving into the Future with Efficiency and Innovation with Toyota Corolla

by Masashi S. JDM Enthusiast

The Toyota Corolla is a series of compact cars manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation. Corolla was the best-selling car worldwide since its introduction in 1966 and became the best-selling nameplate in the world in 1997. Now let us take a quick look at the Corolla’s improvement through every generation.

1st generation - 6th generation

In November 1966 the 1st generation Corolla was introduced with a pushrod 1100 cc engine and in 1968 the Corolla Sprinter was presented as the fastback version exclusive only to Toyota Japan dealership. In May 1970, the Corolla E20 was released with a more rounded body. The 2nd generation came only with the (3K) 1.2L engine powered 2-door KE20 and was available as a wagon and sedan. The Sprinter Trueno and Corolla Levin were introduced as the performance versions of the Sprinter and Corolla fitted with a double overhead camshaft version of the 2T engine that was introduced in March 1972. 

The 3rd generation brought bigger Corollas fitted with retracting front seat belts. Other Australian markets were served with the Corolla KE20, all fitted with a 3K engine and mated with a K40 4-speed manual or 3-speed automatic transmission. In March 1979 the 4th generation received a square-edged design with simpler treatment of the taillights, grille, and headlights. Until June 1987 the van and wagon continued to be made then was replaced by the E80 generation.

The 5th generation started in 1983 and received a contemporary sharp-edged and sloping front bonnet. The new 1C 1839 cc diesel engine was added to the E80 Series. The Sprinter (including the Sprinter Trueno) also used the AE85 and AE86 chassis codes and was nearly twin to the Corolla, differing only by minor body styling changes such as pop-up headlights. The 6th generation was introduced in May 1987 with an aerodynamic style and was more rounded. Many engines were used, ranging from the 2E 1.3L to the 165 hp supercharged 4A-GZE. 

7th generation - 11th generation

The 7th generation started production in June 1991 with heavier, bigger, and completely aerodynamic, rounded shape. The larger Corolla was now in the compact class in the United States and the coupé was still available, known as the AE101 Corolla Levin. In May 1995, the production of the 8th generation E110 Corolla started receiving the new 1ZZ-FE engine for non-Japanese Corolla. The 9th generation E120 was introduced in August 2000, with more technology and edgier styling.  

The 10th generation Corolla nameplate known as E140/E150 was released on 10 October 2006. The Corolla saloon is now known as the Corolla Axio equipped with Toyota’s latest intelligent parking-assist system and a backup camera monitor. The 10th generation was fitted several engines options such as 1.3L 2NZ-FE I4, 1.4L 4ZZ-FE I4, 1.5L 1NZ-FE I4, 1.5L 1NZ-FE Turbo I4, 1.6L 3ZZ-FE I4, 1.6L 1ZR-FE I4, 1.8L 1ZZ-FE I4, 1.8L 2ZR-FE I4, 1.8L 2ZR-FBE (E85/petrol; Thailand), 2.0L 3ZR-FE I4, 2.4L 2AZ-FE I4 petrol engine, 1.4L 1ND-TV D-4D turbo I4, 2.0L 2C-III I4, 2.0L 1CD-FTV D-4D turbo I4 diesel engine. 

The 11th generation Corolla E170/E180 series has been sold internationally since 2013. Other available engine options include the 1.2L 8NR-FTS I4 (turbocharged), 1.2L 9NR-FTS I4 (China), 1.3L 2NZ-FE I4, 1.6L 1ZR-FAE I4, 1.6L 1ZR-FBE I4 (Flexi fuel E85), 1.8L 2ZR-FE I4, 1.8L 2ZR-FXE I4 (hybrid), 1.8L 2ZR-FBE I4 (Flexi fuel E85), 2.0L 3ZR-FE I4, 2.0L 3ZR-FBE I4 (Flexi fuel E85) petrol engine, 1.4L 1ND-TV I4 (turbo), 2.0L 1AD-FTV I4 diesel engine. These engines are attached to a 5/6-speed manual, 4-speed automatic, or 7/8-speed Super CVT-i automatic ECVT transmission.

Present (12th generation)

The 2018 – present model is the 12th generation of the Corolla E210  and has also grown to include wagon and hatchback configurations in addition to the sedan. The E210 Corolla is powered by a transverse engine powered by flex-fuel, petrol, or a hybrid of petrol and electric powered by either a 6-speed EG60 manual, 6-speed EC65 manual, or K120 CVT with physical first gear K313 CVT Hybrid Synergy Drive (eCVT). Only the sedan offers a hybrid powertrain while all Corolla hatchbacks have a larger engine.

The 2022 Toyota Corolla is loaded with standard active safety features and has a sporty model of its own. Select models can be had with a manual transmission, and the sedan offers an exceptionally fuel-efficient hybrid powertrain. The entire Corolla lineup also offers driver-assistance technologies such as forward-collision warning and automated emergency braking, lane-departure warning and lane-keeping assist, and adaptive cruise control.


Toyota Corolla is among the legendary brands and the best-selling vehicle with a long outstanding history in the automotive market. Corolla performs well in fuel efficiency, is easy to maintain, and has affordable running costs and reliability. You can check the Toyota Corolla stocklist now for more available and latest models.

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About Masashi S. Junior   JDM Enthusiast

1 connections, 0 recommendations, 16 honor points.
Joined APSense since, April 15th, 2021, From Yamanashi, Japan.

Created on Feb 20th 2024 02:22. Viewed 142 times.


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