Can Sexually Transmitted Disease Make You Infertile?

by Shivani Sachdev Founder & Director

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections that spread through sexual contact and are caused by the virus, bacteria, or parasites. It can be transmitted from women to men or vice-versa during sexual intercourse. It is equally harmful to both men and women, but the effect on women's fertility is more severe. Among all cases of female infertility, almost 30% are caused by the Tubal Factor Infertility. A major cause of tubal factor infertility is untreated sexually transmitted diseases.


STDs can induce in the reproductive tract and cause tubal swelling and damage. If the damage stays for long, it can cause pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) and blockage in the tube. If the fallopian tubes are damaged due to STDs, IVF is used as a fertility treatment. SCI IVF Hospital – the best IVF clinic in Delhi NCR provides affordable infertility treatment.


There are some STDs that are harmful to fertility.

·         Chlamydia: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection and is equally harmful to both men and women. This STD may or may not show the signs of infection. However, pelvic pain, unusual vaginal discharge, burning urination in females, and itching or irritation around the penis in males can be some symptoms of chlamydia. Chlamydia causes inflammation of the urethra and cervix. The urethra is a tube that passes through urine in women and sperms as well as urine in men. This infection can spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It causes pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and leads to ectopic pregnancy and fertility problems. In males, chlamydia can damage the epididymis, a tube carrying sperms.

·         Gonorrhea: It is also a bacterial infection that can spread during vaginal intercourse or oral sex. In females, it does not show any symptoms and can stay undetected for years. Women, affected by this infection may suffer spotting between periods, vaginal discharge, and painful urination. It can affect the uterus and fallopian tubes.

·         Genital Herpes: Genital herpes is carried by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are clear symptoms of herpes such as small, painful blisters on the genitals, itching, soreness in the oral cavity, and scorching during urination. There is no treatment for this infection but its effects can be mitigated using antibiotics. Herpes reduces the sperm count in men and increases the inability of getting their partner successfully pregnant. It can be transmitted to the child during the delivery through direct contact. Thus, to reduce the risk, a C-section delivery is recommended for women infected with herpes.

·         Syphilis: Syphilis is a bacterial infection and can pass on to the child from the mother during pregnancy. It can cause pregnancy-related issues such as miscarriage and stillbirth.


It can stay in the body for a very long time without showing any noticeable symptoms. If it is not diagnosed and treated timely, it can harm organs that are participating in sexual activity. A person with STDs is advised to consume antibiotic medications and not to indulge in sexual activity until the disease is cured. To diagnose STDs, yearly screening is recommended. Contact Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour – the best gynaecologist in Delhi for infertility-related issues.



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About Shivani Sachdev Advanced   Founder & Director

105 connections, 3 recommendations, 496 honor points.
Joined APSense since, August 2nd, 2017, From Delhi, India.

Created on Aug 13th 2021 13:14. Viewed 112 times.


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