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Basic Working Principle of Diesel Fuel Filter

by Starlight Generator dieselgeneratortech

The purpose of any diesel fuel filter is to remove foreign particles as well as water. The use of a suitable filtration system on diesel engines is a must to avoid damage to closely fitted injection pump and injector components.  Filter's ability varies between the type and manufacturer. On diesel engines primary and secondary filters are used. The primary filter is capable of removing dirt particles down to 30 microns and the secondary filter between 10 to 12 microns. Secondary filters are available between 3 and 5 microns, which are used in severe service operations. The primary filter is usually located between the tank and the supply pump, the FWS is one type of the primary filters. The secondary filter between the supply pump and the injection pump.

 

Diesel fuel filter is referred to as full-flow filter, because all the fuel must pass through it before reaching the injection pump. Some filters use internal replaceable element inside a bowl or shell. These are commonly referred to as a shell and element design. Most fuel filters used today are of the spin-on type, which allow for faster change out since the complete filter is a throwaway.

 

Besides, if the filter is installed on the pressure side of the boost pump it must have sufficient strength to handle pump pressure without bursting or leaking. The filter must be located well away from sources of heat, preferably outside of the engine compartment.

 

Components

 

The fuel filter of diesel engine is mainly composed of three parts: filter element, the shell and filter base (As shown in Figure 1). All models are universal except for the overflow valve 8 that has two structures. Choosing C0810A or C0810B filter should be on the basis of different models. For the 12 cylinder V type diesel genset, it should be installed in parallel with each one of C0810A and C0810B.


The fuel is sent to the fuel filter mainly by the fuel pump. The impurities in the fuel will be cleared through the paper filter element. And then the fuel can enter the inner cavity of the filter cylinder. Through the collection chamber of the filter sea, it leads to the fuel injection pump. The filter holder is equipped with fuel return fitting and the overflow valve is also installed inside. When the fuel pressure in the fuel filter is more than 78kPa(0.8kgf/C), the excess fuel will return back to the fuel tank from the fuel return fitting. When connecting the low pressure fuel line, you should connect it according to the arrow pointing direction on the socket to avoid connection error. The filter seat and the shell are connected by pull rod, and it is sealed by rubber ring. Due to there is a bleeder plug on the top of filter seat, users can release the screw to clear the air of the fuel filter in use.

 

The fuel filter of the diesel engine is fixed on the engine body and bracket with two M8-6H screws. If users find that the fuel supply is not smooth, it is possible that the filter element is plugged. At the moment, you should dump the fuel oil. You can directly loosen the pull rod nut of diesel generator set, remove the shell, and take out the filter cartridge. After the filter element is dipped into gasoline or diesel oil, you can gently wash the dirt off with brush. If the filter cartridge is broken or hard to clean, it must be renewed. Then install it as shown in Figure 1 and inject the clean fuel.


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About Starlight Generator Senior   dieselgeneratortech

176 connections, 3 recommendations, 627 honor points.
Joined APSense since, April 16th, 2017, From Guangxi, China.

Created on Nov 16th 2017 00:04. Viewed 320 times.

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