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A brief view on Hematology & Cytogenetics!

by Oncquest Laboratories clinical pathology laboratory

Haematopathology and Hemostasis are the branches of pathology which contemplates ailments of hematopoietic (blood) cells and blood parts. The Hematopathology research center gives analytic assessment of blood, bone marrow, and related organic examples for conclusion of particular hematological ailments including Anemias, Leukemias/Lymphomas, Thalessemias, Haemoglobinopathies, and so on.

Extension:

Haematopathology at Metropolis is a huge referral tertiary care unit containing different routine and subordinate specialities like Flow cytometry, Abnormal Hemoglobin considers by HPLC, Transfusion drug by CAT (Column Agglutination Technique), Fully mechanized 5-section cell counter and coagulation frameworks.

Few Diagnostic labs in Delhi to offer round the clock pathologist survey. They additionally offer TAT (Turn-around Time) for basic tests like Malarial Parasite, Platelet Count, Prothrombin Time and so on.

Diagnostic labs in Delhi are the main research center which gives finish indicative workup of Thalessemias and Haemoglobinopathies by testing on substitute stage (Capillary Electrophoresis) and Molecular techniques like DNA PCR and DNA Sequencing, aside from HPLC.

They offer the extensive bundles for finish workup of Leukemias and Lymphomas by performing reflex tests by Immunophenotyping, Cytogenetics (FISH) and Molecular techniques, post morphology appraisal.

The diagnostic centre in Delhi NCR offers the Blood amass test via computerized CAT (Column Agglutination Technique) strategy which is more touchy and particular to routine slide and tube procedure strategies.

Areas:

Stream Cytometry Haemostasis Transfusion Medicine Abnormal Hemoglobin Studies General Hematology

Cytogenetics is a branch of hereditary qualities that is worried about the investigation of the structure and capacity of the cell, particularly the chromosomes in wellbeing and sickness.

when is it used?

Hereditary examinations are an essential research center indicative system in

Neonates and Pediatric: Common signs are Ambiguous genitalia, Delayed Development, Mental hindrance, extreme introvertedness, Dysmorphism, single quality issue, Microdeletion disorders, solid, Dystrophies, suspected metabolic issue, System or organ contribution like Congenital coronary illness, Deafness, Blindness and some more. Pubertal and grown-ups: Common signs are amenorrhea immature auxiliary sexual characters, anomalous USG or different examinations, for example, low or irregular sperm tally, Members of high ethnic gathering, Infertility and patients on counterfeit regenerative systems, rehashed premature births, connection and some more. Pre-birth conclusion: basic signs are strange maternal serum test (Double marker/Triple marker/Quadruple), Advanced maternal age, past infant or family history of chromosomal/hereditary variation from the norm or Birth imperfection, unusual Ultrasound and some more. Tumor Genetics: Genetic test are additionally valuable in study, treatment and line up of patients with malignancies and hematological issue.

Tissues used for investigation at Diagnostic labs in Delhi are:

Blood, Bone Marrow, Amniotic liquid, CVS, Cord blood, Abortus material (POC – results of origination)

Procedures Employed:

It incorporates routine investigation of G-grouped chromosomes, other cytogenetic banding and recoloring methods, and also sub-atomic cytogenetics, for example, Fluorescent in situ Hybridization (FISH) and similar genome hybridization. New methods take into consideration expanded determination of chromosome banding designs, allowing separation of a more prominent number of variations from the norm.

A fully equipped diagnostic centre in Delhi NCR uses the below techniques to perform the array of tests:

  • Conventional G- Banding & High Resolution Banding
  • C- Banding,Q-Banding, AgNOR staining
  • Stress/ Breakage studies
  • FISH – Fluorescence in-situ hybridisation
  • Automated systems for identification of metaphase & interphases cells.


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About Oncquest Laboratories Advanced   clinical pathology laboratory

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Joined APSense since, December 23rd, 2015, From Delhi, India.

Created on Oct 26th 2017 07:05. Viewed 380 times.

Comments

Dr Gaurav Dixit Freshman  DM Clinical Hematology, BMT Physician
Thank you for sharing this valuable information with us, it is really helpful article!
Dec 11th 2019 05:30   
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