by Manish P. Director of Leomi instruments Pvt. Ltd

This article talks about the basics of flow profiles, installation criteria, end-user application considerations, and how to use flow conditioning to improve flowmeter's accuracy in areas where a sufficient flow profile isn't possible.

Number- 1: Understanding velocity profile

Inside a pipe, fluids, such as gas, flow at different speeds. When gas flows through a circular pipe, particles in contact with the surface of the pipe wall come to a halt (W0), forming a boundary layer. To maintain the mass flow rate through the pipe, the gas velocity in adjacent layers slows due to friction and the gas velocity in the midsection increases at the center is (Wmax). The velocity profile is the velocity distribution through the tubing. The fully developed velocity profile is almost parabolic, whereas the turbulent profile is almost flat in nature. It is possible to determine velocity anywhere within the pattern by understanding the velocity profile.

Number- 2: ‘Installation location is critical’

The location of a flowmeter installation is crucial, but it is often ignored. It's common to make a location decision solely based on ease of installation. Before putting a flowmeter in place, the end-user should think about the flow disturbances in the region. As a result, consider carefully which site would be the most successful. In any case, once the position ( either vertical or horizontal or inclined ) has been determined, define the disturbances so that the manufacturer can decide if flow conditioning is necessary or not.

            Schematic Diagram for Recommended Straight Lengths

Number- 3: Flow conditioning requirements

In industrial processes, the flow profile is affected by several disturbances upstream of the flowmeter. If appropriate straight length is unavailable for measurement performance, there is a need to install a Flow conditioning device as an option upstream for better performance with less upstream length. Flow conditioners (also known as flow straighteners) may provide a consistent flow profile near the sensor. 

General flow conditioner/straightener  available in market

Number- 4: Process conditions 

In industrial processes flow sensors will be exposed to various process conditions such as temperature & pressure variations, condensation of gases, gas mixtures, etc. should be informed to Thermal Mass flow meter manufacturers for consideration for compensating all possible factors while parameterization and calibration to ensure optimal accuracy of the flowmeter.

Number- 5: Consideration in Flow sensor calibration

The flowmeter sensor probe should be placed in the wind tunnel velocity chamber with uniform velocity. When using a thermal mass flowmeter to measure gas, the manufacturer must understand the process conditions of the end user's application. This allows the manufacturer to calibrate the instrument to the conditions of the application's location. Flow rate in-accuracies will occur if this is not done. With a fully automatic calibration wind tunnel flow velocity versus sensor, power is measured accurately programmed, to evaluate the relationship between mass flow rate and the signal for the gas and sensor under calibration, this step is repeated several times across the entire range.


When choosing a thermal mass flowmeter considering the above factors will ensure an optimal accuracy with desired performance.

LEOMI Instruments from Gandhinagar, INDIA has developed proven technologies and wide-ranging solutions for thermal mass flow meters with recognition of Startup India. A make-in-India with manufacturing facility meeting German technology standards, that allows them to optimize the life of industrial processes, equipment, and machines. LEOMI’s products and expertise have helped flow measurement advancement in dozens of industrial applications including compressed air, combustion air, biogas, natural gas, flue gas, aeration air, corrosive process gases, and many more.

Author: Manish Patel - Director Leomi India 

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About Manish P. Freshman   Director of Leomi instruments Pvt. Ltd

2 connections, 0 recommendations, 22 honor points.
Joined APSense since, April 28th, 2021, From Gandhinagar, India.

Created on Apr 28th 2021 05:58. Viewed 141 times.


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