What Is Urinalysis, Why Is It Done, And What Are The Different Methods?by Rahul Singh Content Writer
A Urinalysis is a laboratory test
done by doctors, (mostly urologists but
also useful in gastroenterology) in
order to analyse the urine of a patient. Because toxins, waste and excess fluid
in the body is removed through urine, its analysis can provide important health
clues. Illnesses and disorders may affect how your body removes waste and
toxins. The excretory system includes the lungs, kidneys, urinary tract, skin
and bladder. A problem in any of these organs or body parts can affect the
appearance, concentration and content of urine.
Why Is It Done?
Urinalysis is often used prior to surgery, as a pre-emptive screening during a pregnancy check-up, or as part of a routine medical or physical exam. A doctor might also order a urinalysis if they suspect conditions like:
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Urinary tract infection
If you already have one or more of these diseases, a doctor might use urinalysis to check on the progression of the disease, or the progress of an ongoing treatment. The test may also be used if a patient experiences certain symptoms, like:
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination
What are the different methods of urinalysis?
Once the urine sample is collected in a cup, the urinalysis will begin. The doctor will use one or more of the following methods to analyse the urine.
1. Microscopic Exam: In this procedure, a doctor will look at a drop of urine sample under a microscope. By doing this they are looking for:
- Abnormalities in the red or white blood cells
- Crystals that may indicate kidney stones
- Infectious bacteria or yeasts
- Epithelial cells, which could indicate a tumour
- Bilirubin, a product resulting from red blood cell death
- Concentration or specific gravity (for dehydration)
- pH levels or acidity (for kidney issues)
- Sugars (for Diabetes)
- Cloudy urine, which indicates an infection
- Abnormal odour
- Reddish or brownish urine, which indicates blood in urine
Urinalysis is available in most multi-facility hospitals. You can find the best internal medicine hospitals in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR, and also such hospitals in Patna, and one such hospital in Darbhanga in Bihar region.
Created on Oct 9th 2017 04:10. Viewed 715 times.