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What Is Ivf Procedure All About?

by Rashmi Adwani health content development
To understand in vitro fertilization, it is necessary to understand the natural conception procedure.  In the center of a normal menstrual cycle, an egg is released from the ovary to the fallopian tube.  Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube, where the fertilized egg remains for several days while breaking up and getting an early embryo.  A couple of days later, the embryo enters the uterus and implants in the uterine wall.

In vitro fertilization can be thought of as a fallopian tube bypass.  The ovaries are stimulated with injectable fertility medications to make numerous eggs.

  Transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests done in this period help determine when the eggs are mature.  At this time, they are recovered via the vagina using a slight procedure that needs just a mild anesthetic. Although the cost can be the issue its majot to make sure that ivf cost is depended on various factors. for instance   The eggs are placed in a petri dish and subjected to the husband's sperm IVF cost in Mumbai.

The following day, the eggs are examined to determine if fertilization has become successful.  If this is so they are left at the petri dish to split and become early embryos.  After several days, one or more embryos are placed in the woman's uterus at a very simple process that is generally no more uncomfortable than a Pap test.  Extra embryos are assessed from the IVF laboratory employees.  If they are viable they may be suspended for future use by the bunch.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an advanced reproductive technology that was initially effective in England in 1978.  Initially IVF was used to treat just infertility caused by obstructed fallopian tubes.  Today, IVF has evolved to become an effective treatment for all causes of infertility when easier treatments have never been effective or are not an alternative.  The chance for success with IVF has also come a long way during the last several decades.  In fact, many clinics are currently attaining IVF success rates of 50 per cent or more to patients with a favorable prognosis.

The IVF process 

In natural conception, an egg is released from the ovary to the fallopian tube in the midst of a menstrual cycle.  The egg is fertilized in the fallopian tube.  The fertilized egg then starts to split from the fallopian tube, thus getting an early embryo.  After being in the fallopian tube for several days the embryo enters the uterus where it will implant.

IVF can be thought of as a bypass of the fallopian tubes.  The IVF procedure involves stimulating the ovaries with "fertility shots" to mature numerous eggs.  Growth of the eggs is monitored with blood tests and vaginal ultrasounds.  After the eggs are "mature," they are taken out of the ovary with a very minor surgical procedure and gentle anesthesia.  After the eggs are retrieved, they are placed to a petri dish and subjected to the partner's sperm.  The eggs are examined the next morning to find out whether they have been successfully fertilized by the sperm.  The fertilized eggs are abandoned from the petri dish for several days during which time they start to split and become early embryos (as happens in the fallopian tubes through natural conception).  The embryos are then placed in the woman's uterus with a small catheter through the cervix that is generally no more uncomfortable than a Pap test.  If there are extra embryos that are viable, they may be cryopreserved (frozen) for future usage.

IVF laboratory procedures

The Entire range of IVF laboratory procedures are conducted at Cleveland Clinic, such as:

Fertilization using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): ICSI is an effective way of fertilizing eggs in most situations when inadequate semen is available, sperm parameters are compromised, or when preceding fertilization approaches have failed.  During ICSI, the most acute cases of male infertility -- quite reduced quantities of sperm or no sperm in the ejaculate -- can be successfully treated with IVF.  In these cases, sperm often can be obtained in the testes or epididymis with a small outpatient procedure.

Assisted hatching: In order to get an embryo to implant in the uterus it has to break through the zona pellucida, a lean "shell" enclosing the embryo.  The practice of the embryo breaking through the zona pellucida is called "hatching. " Hatching can be aided by making a very small opening in the zona pellucida just before transferring the embryo into the uterus.  At Cleveland Clinic's IVF program, assisted hatching is frequently performed on all embryos before they are transferred into the uterus.
Embryo freezing: Surplus embryos that are not transferred into the patient's uterus may be able to become suspended ("cryopreserved") for potential use by the bunch.  At Cleveland Clinic's IVF program, cryopreservation of embryos is carried out either on the next day after egg retrieval when the embryo is between 6 and 8 cells in proportion or about the fifth or sixth day after egg retrieval (the "blastocyst" stage).  Embryos that have potential to develop into successful pregnancies in the long run are cryopreserved.

 PGD involves removing a single cell from a developing embryo at the eight-cell stage.  The cell is then analyzed for chromosomal and/or special hereditary disorders.  For patients using sex-linked diseases or single gene disorders such as cystic fibrosis, genetic screening of embryos is a potent technique.  In these patients, IVF combined with embryo screening can greatly lower the risk of offspring being affected by the disease.

Oocyte/ovarian tissue cryopreservation: Cleveland Clinic's IVF laboratory is becoming increasingly active in the area of freezing eggs and ovarian tissue.  There have been very few births caused by ovarian tissue cryopreservation and it is clearly still quite experimental.  In contrast, egg freezing has gotten considerably more effective in the past decade and is no longer considered experimental. 

 Egg freezing may be thought about:

Girls with cancer who are about to undergo chemotherapy that can cause their ovaries to be unable to make eggs at the futureW

Girls who are experiencing In Vitro Fertilization who do not feel comfortable freezing all or any embryos

Women in their 30's who are delaying child bearing

Genetic Screening for Chromosome Anomalies: Cleveland Clinic is offering a brand new method of screening patient embryos and choosing those likely to lead to a pregnancy.  This strong new technique understand as Trophectoderm Biopsy allows the removal of numerous cells at the blastocyst stage.  Embryos can be examined for inherited genetic disorders as well as chromosomal abnormalities.  Patients with recurrent declines or at risk for chromosomal abnormalities can have their embryos analyzed employing the newest Genesis-24 screen.  By analyzing a patient's embryos for chromosomal abnormalities and choosing only normal embryos for transfer, the patient's chance to get a pregnancy with a healthy baby is increased.

  The Genesis-24 procedure is very effective and allows transfer of embryos at the same IVF cycle. 

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About Rashmi Adwani Freshman   health content development

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Joined APSense since, April 27th, 2018, From mumbai, India.

Created on Aug 18th 2018 02:03. Viewed 173 times.

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