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What Are The Roles of Ischemic Stroke Treatment Medications?

by Crazzy Paul Digital Markting Professional
Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in adults all over the world. It occurs when the blood vessels are obstructed leading to the irreversible injuries to the brain and causing subsequent neurological focal deficits. Ischemic strokes accounts for approximately 85% of all the strokes recorded per year all over the world. There are many Ischemic stroke treatment medications available that mainly involves intravenous thrombolysis with a drug Altiplase. The roles and objectives of acute ischemic stroke medicines are discussed hereunder. Have a look at these.

Oxygenation:

Ischemic patients are prone to hypoxia and worsening of the neurological injuries, thus medications should be administered in order to maintain proper oxygenation in the tissues. If consciousness levels are reduced drastically then endotracheal intubation should be administered immediately.

Anti hypertensives:

Ischemic patients generally have elevated blood pressure levels during the first 1 to 2 days. Lowering this elevated blood pressure level with Ischemic stroke treatment medications should be done with caution to minimize the chances of hypotension. Titrated parental agents having minimal vasodilator effects on blood vessels are preferred for this. In some cases intravenous infusion of these agents may be administered to adequately controlling the blood pressure level thus allowing for the careful titration processes. Sometimes patients are also treated with oral acute ischemic stroke medicines for obtaining a more sustained level of blood pressure. This is required only in case dysphasia is not a concern. Use of calcium channel antagonist should be avoided as this may result in the rapid absorption and a rapid decline in the blood pressure level that may prove to be detrimental in ischemic patients. Elevated high blood pressures can cause intra cerebral hemorrhages after the administration of thrombolytics.

Patients having a systolic BP of above 180 mm Hg or a diastolic BP of above 110 mm Hg are not given thrombolytic therapies despite being desperately trying to lower the BP levels.

Antipyretics:

In patients suffering from acute ischemia, the excess release of neurotransmitters and production of free radicals increases the body temperatures to a much greater level than normal. Antipyretics can only be administered for temperatures above 37.5 degrees Celsius.

Insulin:

Hypoglycemia can sometimes mimic symptoms of stroke and can even cause brain injuries. Therefore normalization of glucose concentration in the blood is very important. Subcutaneous insulin injections are administered to maintain a healthy sugar level which is less than 180 mg/dl. After the event of acute ischemic stroke attacks the glucose level should have to be maintained at least in the range of 80 to 130 mg/dl.

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About Crazzy Paul Professional   Digital Markting Professional

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Joined APSense since, November 14th, 2012, From New Delhi, India.

Created on Oct 25th 2018 09:13. Viewed 180 times.

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