Articles

What Are the Differences Between DC Motor and AC Motor

by Starlight Generator dieselgeneratortech

Aside from the obvious difference of voltage source, the significant difference between AC and DC motors is structural, and is directly related to voltage source.

 

Typically, DC motors (and generators) are built with the field windings incorporated into poles built into the inside of the stator housing, while the armature windings are built into the rotor and connect to the outside through the commutator, commutator slots and brushes.

 

On the other hand, AC motors are built with a slotted stator that houses the armature windings and the field windings are installed on the rotor. With synchronous motors, the field windings are wired to slip rings and brushes to that the field windings can be energized, but with induction motors, the rotor sis built with a squirrel cage that is energized by the rotating magnetic field of the armature windings.

 

The reason the armature windings of the AC motor are in the stator is primarily because of magnitude. AC motors are built to handle more voltage, more current and more load than DC motors, and that voltage and current works in the armature winding. If the armature windings were built into the rotor, the rotor would become impractically large and heavy as the windings became larger and heavier to handle the higher voltage and current.

 

With the armature windings in the stator, the AC motor can handle more voltage and current with bigger and heavier wires without loading down the rotor with more conductor and insulation, and can do more work with less weight and materials.

 

Here is an answer I wrote on AC vs DC generators, and generators are basically motors that are operated in reverse: fed mechanical energy to produce electrical energy. Maybe it will give you some additional insight, or at least another perspective.

CONCLUSION

 

DC motors are usually seen in applications where the motor speed needs to be externally controlled. AC motors work best in applications where power performance is sought for extended periods of time. All DC motors are single phase, but AC motors can be single phase or three phase.

 

AC and DC motors use the same principle of using an armature winding and magnetic field except with DC motors, the armature rotates while the magnetic field doesn’t rotate. In AC motors the armature does not rotate and the magnetic field continuously rotates.

 

In some applications today, DC electric motors are replaced by combining an AC electric motor with an electronic speed controller, known as variable frequency drive. DC electric motors are replaced with an AC electric motor and an electronic speed controller because it is a more economical and less expensive solution.

 

DC electric motors have many moving parts that are expensive to replace, and DC electric motor repair is usually more expensive than using a new AC electric motor with an electronic controller.

 

So as far as maintenance is concern, AC motors are used most as easy availability of AC supply DC motor has constant maintenance problem.

 


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About Starlight Generator Senior   dieselgeneratortech

191 connections, 3 recommendations, 675 honor points.
Joined APSense since, April 16th, 2017, From Guangxi, China.

Created on Jun 3rd 2019 02:46. Viewed 289 times.

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