Knee joint surgery or replacement is a process where an injured or damaged knee is replaced using artificial joints and prosthetics. The prosthetics are usually made out of metal alloys, polymers, and plastics. Prosthetics design to mimic the functionality of these is manufactured as per the requirements and specifications of the patient. When artificial knee selected the surgeon to consider the following factors
- Weight of the patient
- Activity levels
Overall health and medical history
The surgery of replacing a knee with prosthetics takes around 2 hours. But after the surgery patients need a rehabilitation period of about a month.
Why knee joint replacement is needed?
Patients suffering from arthritis mostly have damaged knees. Knee joints are damaged both by Rheumatoid arthritis as well as osteoarthritis. Replacement surgery only advised to patients with severely damaged knees and other treatments have failed to produce desired results.
Knee joint doctor near me take the following factors into account to determine whether an efficient is suitable for knee joint replacement
- The effect of knee joint damage on movement and everyday activities
- The formation of the knee
- Age and overall health of the patient
People over the age of 55 typically need knee replacement surgery. Young adults who have their knees replaced at an early age open need a revision in the future.
Preparations before the surgery
Before the operation surgeons perform a complete health assessment to estimate the risks of anesthesia. Tests include
- Assessment of complete medical history
- Physical test
- Blood test
- Imaging tests
Knee joint hospital in Delhi always asks for the complete medical history of the patient including previous surgeries and present health issues.
Complications associated with knee replacement surgery
Just as every other medical procedure knee replacement surgery also has certain risks like leading infection and blood clots. Knee surgeons near me clearly explain the associated risks and the methods of minimizing them. Following are some of the risks associated with knee replacement
- Faster wedding out of the artificial knee
- Blood clothes in the legs
- Breathing issues caused due to anesthesia
- Heart attack