Articles

How Does Continuous Casting Machine Work? How Many Types of CCM Are There?

by Luoyang Judian Professional Steel Casting and Rolling Equipment M

Continuous casting machine is an equipment to produce steel billets by solidifying the liquid steel melted from scrap steel or iron ore. Because the drive rolls can withdraw the solid steel strand continuously from the mould at a casting speed. This speed ensures the interface of the liquid steel and solid steel steady. Thus, the casting process can continuously move on.

Judian Arc Continuous Casting Machine

Continuous Casting Machine Work Process

The main components of a continuous casting machine are including a tundish, a water cooled mould, which is made of copper, several slag covers to protect liquid steel from exposing to air, drive rolls under the mould to withdraw the steel strands at a certain speed, and a shear machine to cut the strand to required length.

At the beginning, carry the liquid steel with a ladle, and flow it into the tundish. The liquid steel will flow into the water cooled mould from the tundish. The liquid steel will solidifies in the mould from outside to inside. Then the drive rolls below will pull the steel strand out of the mould even the inner of the strand is still liquid. The outside steel shell solidified now acts as a container to hold the inner liquid until the strand fully solidifies.

For the continuous casting machine, the first thing we should consider is what the end product is. According the end product, the strand can be casted to bloom, billet, round, slab, thin slab, or beam blank. Then, we should know the annual tonnage, because it determines the capacity of ladle, the pulling speed of the drive roll.

Continuous Casting Machine Types

Continuous casting machines can be classified in many forms. According to the structure and shape, the continuous casting machine can be divided into vertical continuous casting machine, vertical bending continuous casting machine, arc continuous casting machine with straight section, arc continuous casting machine, multi-radius elliptical continuous casting machine and horizontal continuous casting machine. With the development of continuous casting technology, the research on wheeled continuous casting machine, especially thin slab continuous casting machine, has been carried out.

If classified to the size and shape of the section cast, the continuous casting machine can be divided into slab continuous casting machine, billet continuous casting machine, bloom continuous casting machine, round billet continuous casting machine, special-shaped section Continuous casters and thin slab casters. The billet continuous casting machine also includes the rectangular billet continuous casting machine. Usually, the casting section or the equivalent section area is larger than 200×200mm is called the bloom, and the section or the equivalent section area is less than 160×160mm, a rectangular blank with a width-thickness ratio greater than 3 is called a slab.

If distinguished by the number of strands that can be cast by the continuous casting machine under a common ladle at the same time, it can be divided into single-strand, double-strand or multi-strand continuous casting machines.

Multi-strand Continuous Casting Machine

Continuous Casting Machine Development

Because the continuous casting machine simplifies the production process, improves the production efficiency and metal yield, saves energy consumption, greatly reduces the production cost, and has the advantages of good billet quality and other advantages. In today's steelmaking plant, whether it is long-process steelmaking or short-process steelmaking, the continuous casting machines are almost inevitable.


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About Luoyang Judian Advanced   Professional Steel Casting and Rolling Equipment M

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Joined APSense since, November 9th, 2022, From Luoyang, China, China.

Created on Nov 9th 2022 21:15. Viewed 309 times.

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