Defining Printed Circuit Board Assembly and Ways to Do it in 2021

by Darrin Hein Marketing

PCB is an essential part that connects different elements in an electrical component to ensure functioning. All electronic products need an efficient PCB design and the right assembling to bind the whole system.


If you separate the parts of any electronic component, be it a small or large appliance, PCB is constant. It means you will find the mechanical support of this circuit board to ensure connectivity inside. Smaller appliances have a single board, while the bigger ones have multiple PCBs inside them. Each of the boards has distinct usability for ensuring the working of the particular part where it gets attached. All these work as a whole to make the electronic system run smoothly. 


Clarify the concept


First, understand the concept of PCB to know how it gets assembled. PCBs contain metallic insertions as a part of the circuit that enables electricity transferring. Without the right circuit design with the necessary insertions, assembling will not be fruitful. Before you start with Printed Circuit Board Assembly in a system, ensure that the circuit is good to work. The assembly is the overall process of establishing connections of the electronic wirings with the PCB. The pathways conducting electricity get engraved in the PCB within a non-conductive substrate. Proper assembling ensures the operability of the device.


Basic materials needed


Now that you are clear with the concept of PCB assembly come to the next part. Know the basic materials that consist of a PCB. It is vital to have in-depth knowledge of these to achieve errorless Printed Circuit Board Assembly. There are mainly three constituting units, namely-


  • Layers: PCBs can be single or double-layered. The fabrication largely guides the assembling requirements. 
  • Copper traces: The most important part, copper traces run the circuit. During assembling the boards, these traces get attached to enable functionality. 
  • Vias: Vias connect the fabricated layers of the PCB in the multi-layered ones. Three types of vias are in use.


Assembling process


There are three ways in which you can assemble a printed circuit board into an electronic component. If there is mismanagement in the establishment or wrong assembling design, it can shut the system’s functioning. The following are the ways that you should be aware of while learning about PCB and its workings.


1. Surface mount assembly: SMT is a process that emerged in the sixties. Over time, the engineers have developed the process. Currently, you can notice the use of this process in multiple manufacturing units. It includes metal tabs that get easily soldered to the PCBs. It is a reliable process for circuits having more density and multiple layers.


2. Plated through-hole technology: PTH is the assembling method that involves connecting components having leads. The PCBs that need PTH assembling contains holes in them. The lead present in the components gets easily inserted into the drills of the circuit board. It is an effective process and highly common with manufacturers. 


3. Electro-mechanical assembly: It is an effective way to assemble PCB to the machine. This assembly process is commonly known as box build assembly. Here, you need to use the following elements to establish the connection:

  • Wire harnesses
  • Loom
  • Customized metalwork
  • Cable assembly
  • Moulded plastic



Making it right


PCBs are indeed a crucial constituting element in an electronic component. Assembling the circuit board is equally important as it completes the unit. Without a secured and correct assembling, the whole component cannot function rightly. Engineers who assemble it should have sufficient knowledge to establish the connections. Only the manufacturers having extensive field knowledge can accomplish all three ways of assembling.  


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About Darrin Hein Innovator   Marketing

6 connections, 2 recommendations, 81 honor points.
Joined APSense since, May 30th, 2019, From King Williams Town, South Africa.

Created on Jul 13th 2021 06:40. Viewed 133 times.


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