An In-Depth Knowledge about High Volume PCBby Shawn Wang Best Printed Circuit Board
Manufacturing of Printed Circuit Board
Using Computer Aided Design (CAD) software first the electronic diagram of the required circuit is prepared to make a custom PCB. After that using Computer Aided Manufacturing Software technology the gold finger PCB prototype is developed.
FR4 High Temperature, FR4, GeTek, Polyimide, Arlon, Rogers, Alumina, Nelco, Bakelite, Ceramic, CEM5, CEM1, and FR1 are the common materials used for manufacturing PCBs. Upon the requirements of the circuit, the thickness and size of the board depend.
With a layer of copper, the substrate is coated. Then, the circuit diagram is printed on the board using a photosensitive coating. From the board, the undesired copper is etched out to form copper tracks, called traces. Photoengraving is this process.
To assemble leaded electronic and electrical components holes are drilled into the board once the board is ready with copper traces. special tungsten carbide laser or drill bits are used for drilling. With hollow rivets, the holes made are filled or using an electroplating process are coated through and thus among the various layers, it forms an electrical connection.
Coating of the entire board with masking material, except pads and holes is the next step. Nickel, lead-free solder, lead solder, hard/deep gold, OSP, wire bondable gold, immersion gold, flash gold, immersion silver, carbon ink, immersion tin and SN 100CL, an alloy of tin, copper are the Materials commonly used for this purpose. Screen-printing is the last step, where on the plating gold PCB the text and legend are printed.
Two Major types of Printed Circuit Boards
The most common type of board is this, where to both sides of the substrate components and parts are attached. Double-sided PCBs having connecting traces on both the sides are used in such cases. For assembly of components, through-hole construction is used for Double-sided Printed Circuit Boards or high volume PCB usually.
Single Sided Board
As there is only a single layer of substrate this is the least complex of the Printed Circuit Boards. All copper traces are fixed on one side and electrical components and parts are on the other side.
Created on May 13th 2019 08:56. Viewed 302 times.