4 million pilgrims are predicted to perform Hajj in 2040

by Ady Grewal Content writer
Approximately 4 million pilgrims from all corner of the word will be accommodated for Hajj in 2040 with the completion of all expansion projects. Thousands of pilgrims who will exceed from the current strength obviously will pose a challenge, particularly at the scared spots such as Masjid al-Haram, Mount Arafat, Jamarat and Mina as the mandatory rituals have to be performed at the same time from the pilgrims. The immense steps of pilgrims from one place of ritual to another is one of the main challenges that the plan faces. 

However, to modernize the transportation system in Makkah, including the building of a bus network and metro system, SR 62 billion plan has been approved by the Council of Ministers. With a total length of 182 km and with 88 stations, four metro lines will be constructed across the city which will facilitate pilgrims coming with different Umrah packages 2020 as well as Hajj across the world. 

When it comes to the expansion of land at holy sites such as Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah have shown that:

•    28.7 percent of Mina land will be used for roads, while 57.6 percent will be used for pilgrim tents and the remaining 13.7 percent for other services. 
•    And for Muzdalifah, 23.9 percent is going to use for roads and 13.3 percent will occupy by tents, while 49.7 percent have been used for waiting places and 13.1 percent for other services.

•    As for Arafat, 13.6 percent of the land is used for roads while 69.4 percent for pilgrims to worship and 17 percent for other uses.
Thus, all these sites have three-dimensional limitations, while the strength of pilgrims is growing annually which is the major challenge for the planning committee. 

When talking about the transport system at the holy sites, so it will be effective only if there are adequate supplies for pedestrians, with underpasses which connect various parts of the holy sites and Makkah as well. In this way, roads and other modes of transportation in these crowded areas will be effectively used. A planning expert said that without supplies for the dense pedestrian movement, even ambulances, garbage trucks and catering means of transportation will be delayed until further notice. 

The current transportation network is not incorporated, so that’s why it executes poorly. The expert said that movement throughout the holy sites is complicated with security limitations related to some rites. Undoubtedly, the erection of tunneled roads connecting all the holy sites will eradicate difficulties for surface transportation, chiefly for crisis circumstances, security and civil defense vehicles, and transporting food and garbage.  

Therefore, analytical studies say that there is the maximum capacity for the Arafat field is 4 million pilgrims in which 3.6 square meters is occupied by one pilgrim. The same situation and calculation are found in Mina with extra construction on the mountain slopes. Thus, the maximum capacity of the Grand Mosque will also reach 4 million in 2040 with the completion of several enclosures after their expansion. The movement regarding transportation and pedestrian will also be experienced in the same limit.

The development specialists also emphasized that the requirement a have a 10 percent reserve of extra services to cope with unpredicted emergency conditions. They further added that such additional capacity should not be used to accommodate more pilgrims. 

About Ady Grewal Innovator   Content writer

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Joined APSense since, March 28th, 2019, From London, United Kingdom.

Created on Sep 11th 2019 06:34. Viewed 604 times.


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