Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in India

by Deep Ray Health


Heart Valve Repair Surgery in India through World Med Assist is within your financial means. We work with exceptional hospitals in India that collaborate with leading US hospitals such as Johns Hopkins and Harvard Medical International to provide innovative medical care. Our registered nurses make all arrangements necessary for the success of your procedure in India. Our services carry the promise of quality medical care with individual attention to your needs.

What is valve replacement?

Severe valve damage means that the valve will need to be replaced. Valve replacement is most often used to treat aortic valves and severely damaged mitral valves. It is also used to treat any valve disease that is life-threatening. Sometimes, more than one valve may be damaged in the heart, so patients may need more than one repair or replacement.

There are 2 kinds of valves used for valve replacement : -

  • Mechanical valves, which are usually made from materials such as plastic, carbon, or metal. Mechanical valves are strong, and they last a long time. Because blood tends to stick to mechanical valves and create blood clots, patients with these valves will need to take blood-thinning medicines (called anticoagulants) for the rest of their lives.


  • Biological valves, which are made from animal tissue (called a xenograft) or taken from the human tissue of a donated heart (called an allograft or homograft). Sometimes, a patient's own tissue can be used for valve replacement (called an autograft). Patients with biological valves usually do not need to take blood-thinning medicines. These valves are not as strong as mechanical valves, though, and they may need to be replaced every 10 years or so. Biological valves break down even faster in children and young adults, so these valves are used most often in elderly patients.

Here are some procedures surgeons may use to repair a valve : -

  • Commissurotomy : - which is used for narrowed valves, where the leaflets are thickened and perhaps stuck together. The surgeon opens the valve by cutting the points where the leaflets meet.


  • Valvuloplasty : - which strengthens the leaflets to provide more support and to let the valve close tightly. This support comes from a ring-like device that surgeons attach around the outside of the valve opening.


  • Reshaping : - where the surgeon cuts out a section of a leaflet. Once the leaflet is sewn back together, the valve can close properly.


  • Decalcification : - which removes calcium buildup from the leaflets. Once the calcium is removed, the leaflets can close properly.


  • Repair of structural support : - which replaces or shortens the cords that give the valves support (these cords are called the chordae tendineae and the papillary muscles). When the cords are the right length, the valve can close properly.


  • Patching : - where the surgeon covers holes or tears in the leaflets with a tissue patch.


If your valve has narrowed (stenosis) your doctor may recommend balloon valve surgery called balloon valvoplasty. Reshaping of the valve ring by removing excess valve tissue Adding support to the valve ring by adding tissue or a collar like structure around the base of the valve. Attaching the valve to nearby heart cordlike tissues (chordal transposition) for a valve repair the procedure performed will depend on the type of valve problems that separation of fused valve leaflets, repair of torn leaflets and/or reshaping of the parts to ensure better function.

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About Deep Ray Advanced   Health

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Joined APSense since, December 13th, 2012, From Delhi, India.

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