Which is better, manual testing or software testing automation?by Riley Claire Senior Software Test Engineer
Manual testing was initiated as the traditional software testing method that still holds prominence in the vast and complex software development and testing market. But, over a period of time, certain drawbacks of manual testing gave rise to a more powerful testing method known as “automation testing.” In this article, you will get a detailed understanding of manual testing and automation testing.
What is manual testing?
It is a
testing method wherein defects/bugs in the software product or application are
detected manually by the tester. A test plan is prepared by a team of manual
testers, which consists of sets of various test cases. The tester needs to put
in strategic efforts to scrutinize the behavior of the mobile app or website
and ensure whether it is functionally aligned with the specific requirements or
Inconsistencies and discrepancies are pointed out by the testers from the expected behavior and then the defects are reported to developers. The same bug needs to be replicated by the developers and then these bugs need to be fixed.
The right context to use manual testing:
Manual testing is used where behavioral and cognitive abilities are required for testing the software. It can be used for testing:
- User Experience (UX)
- User Interface (UI)
- Website and App behavior
- User Acceptance
are used by software testing automation to run tests. Each framework is
particularly scripted with the rules of automation related to the software
being tested. The integration of this framework can be done with various
Test data sources
· Other reusable modules
The team must
make sure that the right automation testing framework is selected so that the
testing process could be optimized by delivering high performance with low
This framework could be keyword-driven, data-driven, structured, linear or agile depending on the business requirements. The required infrastructure is provided by an automation framework that the test automation tool can use to perform testing.
The advantages of automation testing:
Testing can be performed easily at a
Faster turnaround time
Cost efficiency and
Software Testing Automation can be best used when codes need to be repeatedly executed that have a higher frequency of iterations, where there is a shorter development cycle and when the scale of testing is large.
Differences between Manual testing and Automation testing:
1. User behavior needs to be mimicked by
users and thus test plans need to be built to cover all the scenarios
2. Manual testing can be used to perform
Ad-hoc testing, Usability testing and Exploratory testing to exhibit the best
3. There are costs involved as manual
testers need to be hired to perform the tasks
4. The test coverage is not sufficient
5. There is a possibility of human errors as manual testers will be solely responsible to carry out the testing process.
1. Testers must have the necessary expertise
in scripting and programming in order to build test cases and automate as many
scenarios as possible
2. Automation testing is used to perform
performance testing, load testing, regression testing and also carrying out
repeated execution for optimal results
3. There are initial costs for setting up
the automation testing infrastructure and then feasible results can be expected
in the long run
4. Greater test coverage is provided
5. The test automation method is considered to be reliable as test scripts and automation tools are used for carrying out testing activities. There is no human intervention required.
If you are looking forward to implementing manual testing for your specific organization, then do get connected with a reputed
software testing services company that will provide you with tactical testing
solutions that are in line with your project specific requirements.
Created on May 10th 2023 01:21. Viewed 249 times.