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Tooth Decay and Gum Disease

by Stunning Dentistry Stunning Dentistry

Maintaining good oral hygiene from an early age is very important in order to have healthy teeth and gums. This helps in ensuring good oral health for life. If proper care is not taken, then it may cause toothache or gum disease. Dental diseases can be mainly caused because of tooth decay or gum disease. A sticky layer of germs called plaque grows on the teeth that lead to dental problems.

Tooth Decay

The germs found in the plaque cause the sugar in food and drink to get converted into acid. This attacks the tooth and may cause a hole in it. This is known as dental decay. It can affect people of all ages and can start at a very young age.

Gum Disease

The germs present in the plaque infect the gums causing gum disease called gingivitis. The gums become red and swollen. If it remains untreated, then the infection spreads to the supporting bone. This causes loosening of bone and may result in tooth loss. If plaque is not removed, it hardens to form calculus which cannot be removed by brushing and requires professional help.


Key Factors to Prevent Tooth Decay and Gum Disease

Fluoride Sources

If the enamel of the tooth becomes weak, the chances of teeth resisting bacterial acids becomes less. Hence, it is important to keep the enamel strong and healthy. Fluoride toothpaste can be used to protect and strengthen the enamel. Other fluoride sources like mouthwash, fluoridated water, supplements, etc. can also be used.

Brushing and Flossing

It is of utmost importance to maintain oral hygiene by regular brushing and flossing. If proper brushing is not done, then bacteria build up very easily and gather around the gumline. It is advisable to do brushing and flossing atleast twice a day to maintain proper oral health and prevent tooth decay and gum diseases.

Professional Cleaning

Plaque that hardens and becomes calculus cannot be removed by toothbrush and hence, requires professional cleaning. Scaling or cleaning should be done atleast twice a year that helps in detecting and treating gum disease at an early stage. It also helps in strengthening the underlying bone and making the gums healthy.

Healthy Eating

Reducing refined sugar in the diet decreases the ability to produce acids that causes decay and gum diseases. The dentist gives stress on the importance of healthy diet that includes proteins, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. It is recommended to replace sugary snacks and drinks in order to reduce the acid attack on the teeth.

 

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About Stunning Dentistry Junior   Stunning Dentistry

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Joined APSense since, May 22nd, 2020, From New Delhi, India.

Created on May 30th 2021 06:23. Viewed 141 times.

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