Articles

Replacing Gasoline With Coal-to-Liquid Fuels - Coal is the Future!

by Rudy P. SysAdmin at howtofindthemoney
Coal is dirty? How can in this robotic & Artificial Intelligent-era, people don't use their brain to reduce or eliminate CO2 emission in this super cheap God's gift? Please be creative! Why Renewable Energy and Oil/Gas Companies hate coal so much, and keep doing massive black ads campaign for decades? The answer is because TRADE COMPETITION!

For decades, oil markets has been volatile due to Arab Spring but coal price keep stable. So, why investor don't invest in Coal Gasification or Coal Liquefaction plant? Coal has plenty of benefits due to its chemical products. Every 1 ton of low calorie/brown coal in Bergius reactor can produce 5 - 6.2 barrels of high quality synthesis oil for jet fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, kerosene, etc. Production cost from coal-to-fuel only US$15 per barrel cheaper than petroleum US$23. Capital per gasification/liquefaction to fuel plant around $1.5 for 27,000 barrel/day depend many factors.

Coal chemical products:

  • H2 (Hydrogen), for fuel cell and rocket fuel
  • LPG/Town Gas 
  • Methanol, for dimethyl ether, methyl acetate (solvent for glues and paints, acetic anhydride), formaldehyde, gasoline, olefins (caulks, cement and glues, construction adhesive, detergents, fingernail polish, liquid soaps and shampoos), acetic anhydride (cellulosic plastics, filter products, photographic film)
  • Wax 
  • Coal tar pitch, for clay target and activated carbon manufacturing, impregnating of graphite electrode, refractory bricks and for binding applications, paints and protective marine, surface epoxy coatings, polyurethane systems, sealants, pavement seals, roofing applications, road coating applications, water proofing, refractory, carbon brush manufacturing, carbon carbon composites etc.
  • Coal tar USP, used as topical treatment for psoriasis or other skin conditions
  • Needle pitch coke, for graphite electrode industries
  • Diesel 
  • Naphtha, used in the manufacture of plastics 
  • Ethylene glycol, for polyester, synthetic rubber
  • Coke is used as a smokeless fuel and for the manufacture of water gas and producer gas. 
  • Tar, for road surfacing, dyes, drugs and perfumes
  • Fluorene, for Benflumetol (Lumefantrine) production
  • Benzole, a motor fuel
  • Biphenyl, an intermediate for the production of a host of other organic compounds such as emulsifiers, optical brighteners, crop protection products, and plastics
  • Dibenzofuran, as a heat transfer agent and defoamer additives
  • Xylenols, used in the manufacture of antioxidants
  • Creosote, for disinfectants, dyes, wash oil and a wood preservative in railway lines, electric poles etc.
  • Toluene, for fuel, explosive, polyurethane foams, solvent (for paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, chemical reactants, carbon nanomaterials, intoxicative inhalant, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners, and disinfectants)
  • Phenol/Carbolic Acid, used in the manufacture of plastics and analgesic drugs
  • Cresols, for disinfectants, precursors or synthetic intermediates to other compounds and materials, including plastics, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and dyes.
  • Naphthol, for dyes, pigments, fats, oils, insecticides, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, antiseptics, synthesis of fungicides, and antioxidants for rubber.
  • Sulfur, used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid 
  • Ammonia, used in the manufacture of nitrogenous fertilizers
  • Carbon Monoxide, for acetic acid, chemical feedstock
  • Propylene, for fuel and refrigerants
  • Pyridine, for Pesticides, Solvent and Specialty reagents
  • Coal Based Graphitic Carbon Foam for civil & military aerospace applications, LED, automobile, construction, engineering surface
  • Isoprene for automotive parts such as tires, fuel hoses, mud flaps, suspension bushes, floor mats, and exhaust rubber hangers
  • Cresylic Acid, for disinfectants and antiseptics
  • Isoquinolines, used in the manufacture of dyes, paints, insecticides and antifungals. It is also used as a solvent for the extraction of resins and terpenes, and as a corrosion inhibitor
  • Anticorrosive coal tar coating, used to protect steel, concrete structures, timber and other construction materials in corrosive environment
  • Quinaldine, used in anti-malaria drugs, in manufacturing dyes, food colorants (e.g., Quinoline Yellows, pinacyanol), pharmaceuticals
  • Mesitylene, for a precursor to colorants and a specialty solvent
  • Benzene, used to manufacture cumene (for phenol), acetone (for resins and adhesives) and polymers & plastics (polystyrene and EPS)
  • Jetfuel
  • Methanethiol, for dietary component in poultry and animal feed
  • Alkanes, used mainly for heating and cooking purposes
  • Xylenols, for used in the manufacture of antioxidants
  • Quinoline, used in the manufacture of dyes, the preparation of hydroxyquinoline sulfate and niacin, a solvent for resins and terpenes
  • Anthracene, converted mainly to anthraquinone, also used in wood preservatives, insecticides, coating materials, artificial production of the red dye alizarin
  • Carbon nanotubes, serve as additives to various structural materials
  • Phthalic anhydride
  • Acenaphthene, to prepare naphthalene dicarboxylic anhydride, which is a precursor to dyes and optical brighteners
  • Carbon pitch
  • Carbon black feedstock
  • Refined coal tar, combined with clays, emulsifiers and water to form a weather protective and solvent resistant seal coating for bituminous pavement such as those found at airports, parking lots and driveways
  • Coal tar pitch (aluminium grade binder pitch, graphite grade binder pitch, impregnated coal tar pitch, mesophase pitch/battery materials, refractory pitch grade, ultramarine blue, pitch for industrial crucible and blocks, pitch creosote mixture dehydrated coal tar)
  • Indene, for production of indene/coumarone thermoplastic resins
  • Fluorene, for pharmaceuticals and dyes
  • Coal tar enamel, for pipe coating
  • Tetralin, used in hydrogen-donor solvent, sodium-cooled fast reactors
  • p-Xylene, for manufacturing of terephthalic acid for polyester

Coal Liquefaction/Gasification Companies:





About Rudy P. Magnate II   SysAdmin at howtofindthemoney

3,763 connections, 54 recommendations, 12,338 honor points.
Joined APSense since, April 9th, 2013, From Solo, Indonesia.

Created on May 19th 2019 09:15. Viewed 740 times.

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