# Learn How to Calculate IRR

by Jason Varner Financial Projections Template
What is IRR which stands for internal rate of return? It is the interest rate at which the net present value of all the cash flows from a project equal to zero. It basically enables the present value of the expected cash inflows equal to the present value of the estimated cash outflows of the project. Which means, if the IRR is greater than the required rate of return then the project is likely profitable. On the other hand, if the IRR is less than the required rate of return, then it is best to not accept the project.

The IRR is a key ratio which helps measuring the profitability of a project. It is also used to maximize the net present value as an indication of profitability, efficiency, quality, or yield of an investment. Another way of using the IRR ratio is to calculate the fixed income and measuring new debt in terms of yield to maturity as well as for evaluating share issues and stock buyback programs for corporations. Others also use it for Private equity from a limited partner’s perspective so that they can measure the general partner’s performance as an investment manager, but basically, the IRR is mostly used for analyzing projects or investments, determining the returns, and to better understand the risks of the project or investment.

To calculate the internal rate of return, there isn’t a definite way to do so. However, there are two ways on how to calculate the IRR. First way is to make use of Excel’s built-in function which is the IRR function. It is one of Excel’s financial function that helps calculate the IRR. This function will result with a series of cash flows that occur at regular intervals. The second way to calculate the IRR is to break out all the component cash flows as you calculate each step individually which results will then be used as inputs for the IRR Formula. In the end, to calculate the IRR, the expected cash flows of a project or investment must be provided and that the net present value must equal to zero.

To learn more in detail on how to calculate the IRR and also get example financial model templates with IRR as reference, you can read more here: Internal Rate of Return (IRR). If you are looking for industry-specific or use case specific financial model templates, you can also get them at eFinancialModels.