Articles

Kidney Transplant Procedure Risks And Benefits

by Aditya Pradhan Doctor
When our kidneys become diseased, they lose their ability to function or perform efficiently and smoothly. When the condition reaches the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or kidney failure, you require hemodialysis. It is a mechanical process to clean the blood of waste products. A patient may also be recommended for peritoneal dialysis in which the toxin is eliminated bypassing chemical solutions through the abdomen. However, apart from these two options, kidney transplant in Delhi is considered the permanent solution for the patient of end-stage renal disease.

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that involves replacing the diseased kidney or kidneys with the donor kidney (s) from a live or deceased donor. However, the transplant is done after the proper evaluation and medical check of the patient. 

Kidney transplant procedure

The surgical procedure for kidney transplant procedure may extend from two to four hours. It is done under the influence of general anesthesia. It comprises giving you the injection that puts you to sleep during the surgery. The anesthesia is infused in our body through an intravenous line in your hand or arm. 

Once the patient asleep, the surgeon makes necessary incisions in the abdomen and properly places the donor kidney inside. After it is duly placed, then the surgeon connects the arteries and veins of the donor's kidney to your arteries and veins. It will allow the blood to start flowing through the donor's kidney. Apart from this, the surgeon also attaches the donor kidney's ureter to the bladder which would help the patient to urinate normally. 

The original or damaged kidney is left inside the body. It is removed only if creates any complication such as high blood pressure or infection. 

Risk of kidney transplant

A kidney transplant is major surgery, therefore like any other surgery, it also carries some possible risk such as: 

    • Blood clots
    • Infection
    • Bleeding 
    • Allergy to general anesthesia
    • Leakage from the ureter
    • A blockage of the ureter
    • Failure of the transplanted kidney
    • Rejection of the transplanted kidney
    • A stroke or heart attack

Among all the risk the most serious threat is the rejection of the donor's kidney by the body. Although it is quite rare that your body refuses to accommodate the transplanted kidney. However, if your body rejects the donor's kidney you can resume dialysis and get back on the waiting list for another kidney.

Benefits of kidney transplant

kidney transplant in Delhi is the best option for the patient who is suffering from end-stage renal disease. The successful transplant can facilitate the patient with enhanced strength, stamina and health. After the kidney transplant procedure, the patient can return to a normal lifestyle and have more control over his condition as compared to what he had before the transplantation. It will allow him to take a normal diet and fluid as well. 

After the kidney transplant, you are no more dependent on dialysis. In fact, you no more need it. The symptoms of anemia and hypertension also reduce after the surgery.  

About Aditya Pradhan Freshman   Doctor

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Joined APSense since, May 17th, 2017, From delhi, India.

Created on Sep 17th 2019 01:04. Viewed 83 times.

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