Important things about Gynecomastia

by Rashmi Adwani health content development
Gynecomastia (guy-nuh-koh-MAS-tee-uh) is swelling of the breast tissue in men or boys, caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, occasionally unevenly. Newborns, boys going through puberty and elderly guys may grow gynecomastia as a consequence of normal changes in hormone levels, although other causes also exist.

"Generally, gynecomastia isn't a severe issue, but it can be challenging to handle the condition. Men and women with gynecomastia occasionally have pain in their breasts and may feel embarrassed" as quoted by the surgeon of gynecomastia surgery in navi mumbai.


  1.     Swollen breast gland tissue
  2.     Breast tenderness

When to see a physician

See your Physician if you have:

  1.     Swelling
  2.     Pain
  3.     Tenderness
  4.     Nipple discharge in one or both breasts


The cause of this decrease can be conditions that obstruct the effects of reduce testosterone or a disease that increases your estrogen level. Several items can upset the hormone balance, such as the next.

The hormones testosterone and estrogen control the growth and maintenance of sexual characteristics in both men and women. Testosterone controls male traits, such as muscle mass and body hairloss. Estrogen controls female traits, including the rise of breasts.

Most men and women think of estrogen as an exclusively female hormone, but guys also create it though normally in small quantities. But, male estrogen amounts that are too large or are out of balance with testosterone levels can cause gynecomastia.
More than half of male infants are born with enlarged breasts on account of the consequences of their mother's aging. Generally, the bloated breast tissue extends away in just two to three weeks after arrival. In the majority of cases, the bloated breast tissue goes away without treatment within six months to two years.
Gynecomastia in guys. At least 1 in 4 men within this age group are affected.

A variety of medications can cause gynecomastia. These include:

    Anti-androgens used to treat prostate enlargement, prostate cancer and various other problems. Examples include flutamide, finasteride (Proscar, Propecia) and spironolactone (Aldactone).

    Anabolic steroids and androgens.

    AIDS medications. Gynecomastia can grow in unmarried men that are getting a treatment program called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Efavirenz (Sustiva) is more commonly associated with gynecomastia than are other HIV medications.

    Anti-anxiety medications, such as diazepam (Valium).

    Tricyclic antidepressants.


    Ulcer medications, such as cimetidine (Tagamet HB).

    Cancer treatment (chemotherapy).

    Heart medications, such as digoxin (Lanoxin) and calcium channel blockers.

    Gastric motility medications, such as metoclopramide (Reglan). 

About Rashmi Adwani Freshman   health content development

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Joined APSense since, April 27th, 2018, From mumbai, India.

Created on Aug 1st 2018 08:26. Viewed 287 times.


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