Everything You Need to Know About Piles – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and best Surgical Treatment

by Shalani Singh Health and fitness blogger by profession

Piles or hemorrhoids are swelling that develop around and inside the anal canal. In other words, piles are a collection of inflamed tissue in the rectum that contains elastic fibers, muscles, support tissue, and blood vessels. People, once in their lifetime experience piles. It is not one of those lethal medical complexities but can prove to be annoying and frustrating. In most cases, Piles treatment include natural home remedies and the doctors at RG Stone suggest treating it as early as possible because if it spreads, it can make your life miserable.

hemorrhoids causes and treatment

What Causes Piles?

While the presence of is a sign of normal human anatomy, most care professionals refer to hemorrhoids as an unusual finding because they only appear when they swell up and cause problems.

The swelling occurs when excess pressure is applied in the small vessels causing the hemorrhoids to swell up and engorged with blood. This causes hemorrhoids to increase in size leading to symptoms.

  • Smaller caliber stool and low-fiber diet cause an individual to strain while having a bowel movement. This increases the pressure within the blood vessels.

  • Prolonged sitting on the toilet also increases the pressure within blood vessels

  • Pregnancy is another reason related to hemorrhoid swelling. This is possibly due to the excess pressure of the enlarged uterus on the rectum.

  • Acute and chronic diarrhea

  • Obesity

  • Colon cancer

  • Constant heavy lifting

  • Sedentary lifestyle

What are The Symptoms of Piles? How are Piles Diagnosed?

Piles are the most common cause of anal and rectal complaints. The symptoms of piles include:

  • The area around the anus becomes sore and red

  • Formation of hard lump around the anus

  • Mucous discharge from the anus

  • Anal itching

  • Painful swelling

  • Pain during bowel movements

  • Bright red bleeding from the anus


If your doctor suspects you have piles, he/she will perform a physical examination of your rectum to diagnose hemorrhoids. Your doctor may also perform a digital anal exam to check any signs of piles within the anus before opting for the suitable Piles treatment.

However, if the diagnostic reports are not clear, your doctor may also perform further tests including sigmoidoscopy where a small tube carrying a small fiber optic camera is inserted into the rectum for diagnosing internal hemorrhoids. This diagnostic procedure provides a comprehensible examination of the inside of your rectum and shows the abnormalities (if any) within the rectum. Other tests include colonoscopy, proctoscopy, and anoscopy which can clearly display internal hemorrhoids.

Recommended Reading: tips to deal with piles without medications

What is the treatment for piles?

In most of the cases, hemorrhoids resolve on their own without any medical intervention. However, there are certain treatments that can significantly reduce the itching and discomfort

1 in 10 people suffering from piles end up needing Piles operation. When the symptoms get over the hand, it becomes difficult for the patient to cope with the pain and discomfort. Hence, the doctor prescribes the best surgical option – hemorrhoidectomy.


It is the process where the excess tissue causing the bleeding is surgically removed. This is the procedure carried out under general anesthesia. This is the best surgical option when it comes to completely removing hemorrhoids, but there is a risk of a complication that includes urinary tract infections.

Also Read: how you can get relief from pain after piles operation

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About Shalani Singh Junior   Health and fitness blogger by profession

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Joined APSense since, March 15th, 2018, From New Delhi, India.

Created on Jul 6th 2018 04:17. Viewed 519 times.


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