All You Want To Know About Sewing Machinesby Rajkumar Jain Partner / Chief Executive
Sewing machines have made it very easy to stitch fabrics and other materials together. Invented during the first Industrial Revolution, these machines decreased the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.
How was the sewing machine invented?
The first patent for this mechanical device was awarded in 1755 to the German-born engineer Charles Fredrick Wiesenthal. Later, in 1970, the English inventor Thomas Saint invented the first sewing machine design, but did not successfully advertise his invention. After that, many Englishmen constructed various types of machines, but the first practical and widely used sewing machine was invented by a French tailor named Barthelemy Thimonnier in 1829. After receiving patent for his machine in 1830, he opened the world's first machine-based clothing manufacturing company to create uniforms for the French Army. Ever since, the use of machines has been widely accepted and popularized throughout the world.
What are the basic parts of a sewing machine?
Bobbin - This is a cylindrical reel or spool that holds the thread for the machine. You can get all kinds of various bobbins at Trim Engineering Services, one of the most reliable flange bobbin manufacturers in India.
Thread reel - This is the thread spool that is used to stitch the pieces if fabrics together.
Needle - Obviously, no stitch is possible without a needle. The needle is installed within the machine and is pushed up and down with the help of a lever to facilitate the stitch, by bringing up little by little the thread from the bobbin and reel together.
Throat plate - This is a metal plate covering the mechanical elements of the sewing machine that provides the bottom surface for the fabric as it moves through the machine.
Pressure foot - This presses the fabric flat to the faceplate as it is fed through the machine.
Feed dog - This is responsible for pulling the fabric forward to place it under the needle and through the sewing machine.
What are the different types of sewing machines available?
Based on their features and functionality, sewing machines are categorized into various types. These include:-
Mechanical/Manual Sewing Machines
These sewing machines are perfect for beginners and require the basic settings to be done manually by the user. They have very limited features and are thus, the most inexpensive. They have a built-in pressure foot, bottom loading bobbin, adjustable tension, adjustable stitch length, and a single stitch facility. The two main drawbacks of this type of machine are that the thread for this machine type needs to be put in by the user manually again and again; and secondly, this machine cannot sew thick fabrics like denim and leather.
Electronic Sewing Machines
As the name says, these machines work either in electricity or batteries. More apt for professionals and tailors, these machines come with a variety of features including 7 in-built stitch capabilities like hemming, embroidering, quilting, zip fixing, smocking, blind stitching, and buttonhole stitching. These machines are light in weight, compact in size, and may have an LCD screen to choose patterns. They also include reverse-stitch lever, top loading drop-in bobbin, auto-tripping bobbin, twin needle compatibility, adjustable pressure foot, adjustable needle positioning, automatic thread cutter, and more. All these features make electronic sewing machines quite expensive.
Computerized/Automated Sewing Machines
These are big-sized machines with multiple needles and multiple spool spinners for different thread colours that are used for embroidering, smocking, quilting, etc. with an in-built stitch capacity ranging from 50 to 200. These machines can be connected to the Internet, computer, or design loaded cards. Used for industrial purpose, these machines are very expensive. One important feature of this machine is the Autopilot stitching mode, where the machine automatically controls the number of stitches per minute, the stitch strength, and the thread tension.
Embroidery Sewing Machines
As the name suggests, this machine is used for embroidering different patterns on a piece of fabric. Various types of embroidery sewing machines are available for industrial purposes. These are to be used by professionals, tailors, and experts, as these machines are complex and expensive.
Created on Jan 18th 2018 06:14. Viewed 127 times.