Advantages & Limitations of steper motor

by Curry Lee Führende Dentalgeräte und Zahnarzt

Precise positioning

Stepper motors have a high pole count, usually from 50 to 100, and can accurately move between their many poles without the aid of a position encoder. As they move in precise steps, they excel in applications requiring precise positioning such as 3D printers, CNC, camera platforms and X, Y plotters.

Precise speed control

Precise increments in movement enables excellent speed control, making them a good choice in process automation and robotics.

Excellent torque characteristics at low speeds

Stepper motors (pancake stepper motor, or nema 6 stepper motorhave maximum torque at low speeds (less than 2000 rpm), making them suitable for applications that need low speed with high precision. Normal DC motors and servo motors do not have much torque at low speeds.

Excellent torque to maintain position

Suitable for applications with high holding torque.

Easy to control

Stepper motors can be easily controlled with microcontrollers such as the ATmega chips that are readily available on Arduino development boards.



Stepper motors are known to generate some noise during operation. Thus, if your device needs to be quiet, accommodate a high range of speeds and torques and maintain a reasonable efficiency, then consider using a DC motor. But if your motion control application needs to be built quickly, does not need to be efficient, and a little noise is acceptable, then a stepper motor might be more suitable.

Limited high-speed torque

Generally, stepper motors have less torque at high speeds than at low speeds. Some steppers can be optimized for better torque at high speeds, but a driver would have to be paired with it to achieve that performance.

Low Efficiency

Unlike DC motors, the current consumption of stepper motors is independent of load and they constantly draw maximum current. As such, they tend to become hot.

Might skip steps

As stepper motors have a low top-speeds, they might skip steps at high loads.

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About Curry Lee Freshman   Führende Dentalgeräte und Zahnarzt

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Joined APSense since, June 19th, 2016, From Berlin, Germany.

Created on Nov 26th 2019 02:53. Viewed 629 times.


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