5 Types Of Warehouses You Should Know Aboutby Ankita Sehgal Freelance Blogger, Lives in New Delhi
Apart from storage tanks, warehouses are the most common type of storage facilities. Gigantic warehouses with the capability of hosting numerous in-bound delivery trucks can simultaneously host many others for loading outbound trucks.
Warehouses are also defined as storage spaces that hold products for long periods of time and influence the demand and supply of commodities. They are essential components of logistics which have seen a boom in the recent years owing to the surge in online shopping.
All thanks to the boom in E-commerce the way supply chains in India work has completely transformed. It has also prompted to divide warehouses into various categories. We are here going to explain a few of them.
Privately owned warehouses
Owned by big manufacturers and merchants, private warehouses facilitate the private storage needs of their companies. The goods manufactured or purchased by businessmen have limited value and most cannot afford to construct warehouses. They have to outsource these services and hence it adds logistics costs. Private warehouse owners have a chain of warehouses in different parts of the country or the world. Channel suppliers and resellers are the types of owners that own warehouses for distribution of the commodities. Major retail chains usually have various spaces that supply products and commodities to their stores around the country or even internationally.
A public warehouse is a space for specific business operations that provide storage area to the general public. It is owned by cooperative societies and or even individuals who levy a certain charge for storage and related facilities. It is a suitable option for enterprises that cannot afford to construct a warehouse individually owing to high financial requirements. These businesses can get together to form a community and construct a public warehouse and utilize it according to their needs. It is an economical way to satisfy the storage needs. These warehouses are located near railway stations, highways, and seaports. They’re protected round the clock to safeguard the commodities and goods.
Therefore, the basic functions of a warehouse are yielded by small businessmen to serve their customers timely and without burning a hole in their pockets. The warehouses hold their products near the trading centers. The provision of receipt, dispatch, loading, and unloading is carried swiftly.
Additionally, goods inspection is also provided by public warehouses along with grading and permit packaging. The receipts provided by these warehouses are good collateral securities for borrowings.
Automated capabilities have now been incorporated in warehouses with the help of robotics and technological advancements. The level of automation depends on the size and utility of the warehouse. Some warehouses are automated to the level that only a few personnel are required to carry the basic functions. Others, with lesser advancements, have automated conveyor belts. New warehouses have substituted the human personnel for physical functions with machinery, including transportation and moving goods via pallets.
The fishing industry requires cold storage warehouses to store their catch before it is packed and distributed. Climate controlled warehouses are perfect for products that need to be stored in frozen surroundings like food. These warehouses are also appropriate for products that need to be stored in moisture free environment like tobacco.
These warehouses are located near seaports and are controlled by the government or customs authorities. They accept goods for storage and charge customs duties on internationally imported or exported goods. They are licensed by the government. Industrial real estate developers build such warehouses on contract for the government. The goods are released with consent from the customs authorities. The commodity type is approved by the authorities before it can be sent or received. Bonded warehouses are appropriate for businessmen involved in export and import of goods.
Created on Apr 27th 2018 05:11. Viewed 304 times.
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